This study explored the lived experiences of the older adults affected by the Typhoon Yolanda(Haijan). Using Husserl’s Phenomenological design, this study interviewed nine informants through a Focus Group interview to generate their experiences during the prior to, during and after the typhoon. Data gathering and analysis were done using Collaizi’s method which produced descriptions of the informants’ experiences. The findings generated six emergent themes describing the lives experiences as: living and reliving experiences of fear, enhanced physical burden, loss and helplessness, selflessness, social bond and rebuilding lives. The themes generated described the experiences of older adults from a negative translated into positive experiences. The findings present the uniqueness of the lived experiences of older adults during a disaster.
lived experiences, older adults, Typhoon Haijan (Yolanda), phenomenology, Collaizi’s method
- Albert, S. (2004). Public health and aging: an introduction to maximizing function and well-being. Springer Publishing Co. .
- Anetzberger, G. (2002, August). Community Resources to Promote Successful Aging. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 18. Retrieved from http://www.geriatric.theclinics.com/article/S0749-0690%2802%2900018-6/abstract
- Ayres, L. (2007). Qualitative research proposals--part III: sampling and data collection. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs, 34(3). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17505241
- Balls, P. (2009). Phenomenology in nursing research: methodology, interviewing and transcribing. Retrieved from http://www.nursingtimes.net/phenomenology-in-nursing-research-methodology-interviewing-and-transcribing/5005138.article
- Bradbury, J., Sambrook, S., & Irvine, F. (2009, March). The phenomenological focus group: an oxymoron? Journal of Advance Nursing, 65(3). doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04922.x
- Burnett, J., Dryer, C., & Pickins, S. (2007). Rapid Needs Assessments for Older Adults in Disasters. Generations, 31. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/212226708?accountid=33262
- Caelli, K. (2000). The changing face of phenomenological research: Traditional and American phenomenology in nursing. Qualitative Health Research, 10(3).
- Cicirelli, V. (2001). Fear of Death in Older Adults. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/aging/pdf/disaster_planning_goal.pdf
- Cox, R., & Perry, K.-m. (2011). Like a Fish Out of Water: Reconsidering Disaster Recovery and the Role of Place and Social Capital in Community Disaster Resilience. American Journal of Community Psychology, 48. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10464-011-9427-0
- Crossman, A. (n.d.). Symbolic Interaction Theory. Retrieved from http://sociology.about.com/od/Sociological-Theory/a/Symbolic-Interaction-Theory.htm
- Denzin, N., & Lincoln, Y. (2005). Handbook of qualitative research.
- FamilyConsumer, S. (2013). Reminiscence: An Important Task for Older Adults. Retrieved from http://fcs.tamu.edu/families/aging/reminiscence/reminiscence_important_task.php
- Fernandez, L., Bryard, D., Lin, S., Benson, S., & Barbera, J. (2002). Frail elderly as disaster victims: emergency management strategies. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. Retrieved from http://www2.gwu.edu/~icdrm/publications/67-74_fernandez.pdf
- Ford, E., Mokdad, A., Link, M., Garvin, W., McGuire, L., Jiles, R., & Balluz, L. (2006, April). Chronic Disease in Health Emergencies: In the Eye of the Hurricane. Preventing Chronic Disease, 3. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2006/apr/05_0235.htm?email=daisypalompon%40gmail.com
- Gibson, M., & Otani, J. (2011, December). Older People in Natural Disasters. Canadian Journal of Aging. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0714980811000547
- Giorgi, A. (2000). Concerning the application of phenomenology to caring research. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 14.
- Healthwise. (2011, October). Retrieved from http://www.emedicinehealth.com/sharing_memories_with_older_adults-
- HelpAge International. (2000). Older People in Disasters and Humanitarian Crises: Guidelines for Best Practice. UNHCR. HelpAge International. Retrieved May 13, 2015, from http://www.refworld.org/docid/4124b9f44.html [accessed 15 May 2015]
- Helpage International. (2011). Older People in Disasters and Humanitarian Crises: Guidelines for Best Practice. Retrieved from http://www.refworld.org/docid/4124b9f44.html [accessed 15 May 2015]
- Johnson, H. L., Ling, C. G., & McBee, E. C. (2015). Multi-disciplinary care for the elderly in disasters: An integrative review. Retrieved May 14, 2015, from Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 30(1), 72-79: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X14001241
- Keene, E. (2013). Phenomenological study of the North Dakota flood experience and its impact on survivors' health. International Journal of Trauma. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1075421098900736
- Kornhaber, R. A. (2009, October). The lived experience of nursing severe burns unjury patient: a phenomenological inquiry. Unpublished Thesis in Adelaide University.
- Lazarus, P., Brock, S., & Jimerson, S. (2002). Best Practices in School Crisis Prevention and Intervention .
- Oriol, W. E. (1999). Psychosocial issues for older adults in disasters. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services.
- Palmer, M., Larkin, M., De Visser, R., & Fadden, G. (2010). Developing an Interpretative Phenomenological Approach to Focus Group Data. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 7(2). doi:10.1080/14780880802513194
- Patton, M. (2000). Qualitative research and evaluation methods.
- Pekovic, V., Seff, L., & Rothman, M. (2007). Planning for and Responding to Special Needs of Elders in Natural Disasters. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/212236350?accountid=33262
- Polit, D., & Hungler, B. (1993). Essentials of nursing research. Lippincott.
- Priest, H. (2002). An approach to the phenomenological analysis of data. Nurse Researcher, 10.
- Rapport, F., & Wainwright, P. (2006). Phenomenology as a paradigm of movement.
- Roberts, K., & Taylor, B. (1998). Nursing research processes: an Australian perspective.
- Rose, D., Beeby, J., & Parker, D. (1995). Academic rigor in the lived experience of researchers using phenomenological methods in nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2.
- Samarasinghe, D. (2005). Disaster management: lessons from immediate responses to the tsunami. Ceylon Medical Journal, 50(1). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15881561
- Saroar, M., & Routray, J. (2012, March). Impacts of climatic disasters in coastal Bangladesh: why does private adaptive capacity differ? Regional Environmental Change. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10113-011-0247-4
- Schultz, G., & Cobbs-Stevens, R. (2004). Husserl's theory of wholes and parts and the methodology of nursing research. Nursing Philosophy, 5(2).
- Secrest, J. (2007). Pollio's approach to existential phenomenology: a brief synopsis. Journal of Peri-Anesthesia Nursing.
- Shosha, G. A. (2012). Employment of Collaizi's strategy in descriptive phenomenology: a reflection of a researcher. European Scientific Journal, 8.
- Smith, M., & Seagal, J. (2015, April). Traumatic Stress. Retrieved from http://www.helpguide.org/articles/ptsd-trauma/traumatic-stress.htm
- Streubert-Speziale, H., & Carpenter, D. (2007). Qualitative research in nursing: Advancing the humanistic imperative. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3012622/
- Touhy, R. (2011). Helping the aged during natural disasters. Retrieved from http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-06/ip-hta060311.php.
- Trochim, W. (2008). Web Centre for Social Science Research Methods. Retrieved from http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/index.php
- van Manen, M. (2000). Phenomenology online. Retrieved from http://www.phenomenologyonline.com/glossary/glossary.html#essence
- Wilson, S., Temple, B., Miliron, M., Vazquez, C., Packard, M., & Rudy, B. (2007). The Lack of Disaster Preparedness by the Public and it's Affect on Communities. The Internet Journal of Rescue and Disaster Medicine (Vol. 7 ).
- Young, M., Cain, C., Fesmirre, A., Williams, C., & Worthy, S. (2006). Child, Adolescent, and Adult Stress Related to Natural Disasters. Undergraduate Research Journal in Human Sciences, 5. Retrieved from http://www.kon.org/urc/urc_research_journal5.html
International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.