Quantitative Shifts in the Second Harmonic (12-14 Hz) of the Schumann Resonance Are Commensurate with Estimations of the Sleeping Population: Implications of a Causal Relationship

Quantitative Shifts in the Second Harmonic (12-14 Hz) of the Schumann Resonance Are Commensurate with Estimations of the Sleeping Population: Implications of a Causal Relationship

Loading document ...
Loading page ...


Author(s): Michael A. Persinger, Kevin S. Saroka

Download Full PDF Read Complete Article

DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.1063 463 830 102-107 Volume 5 - Jun 2016


Recent spectral power densities of quantitative electroencephalographic measurements of normal brains indicate they reveal peaks that correspond with the fundamental and harmonics of the Schumann Resonance. Coherence between the human brain and Schumann power occurs for about 300 ms every 30 s. We examined the conspicuous diurnal complex variation in Schumann values and the estimated numbers of people asleep at the time globally. The overlap was visibly obvious for the 12-14 Hz (second harmonic), which is the Stage 2 sleep spindle range, with peak-to-peak changes of ~0.1 Hz and 0.1 pT. Residuals from multiple regression analyses after potential artifacts were removed showed that as the estimated numbers of people sleeping increased the frequency increment within the 12-14 Hz range increased while the intensity decreased by about 1 pT. The Lorentz Lemma for population brain-Schumann activity and comparable current densities for the ionosphere-earth gradient and human brain current densities are similar magnitudes and suggest potential interactions. Experimental manipulation by HAARP of the Schumann Resonance employed a power density (10 mW per m2 range) that is comparable to that from the photon power densities emitted from the brain activities of billions of people. Although causality is not demonstrated, the presence of a strong coherence could suggest interactions at global levels.


Schumann Resonance, population sleeping, pT intensities, 10-14 Hz, sleep spindles, biophoton emissions


  1. K. S. Saroka, M. A. Persinger, International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy 20 (2014) 166-194.
  2. K. S. Saroka, D. A. Vares, M. A. Persinger, PLOS ONE 2016, DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0146595.
  3. M. A. Persinger, K. S. Saroka, Journal of Signal and Information Processing, 6 (2015) 153-164.
  4. A. Nickolaenko, M. Hayakawa, Schuman Resonance for Tyros: Essentials of Global Electromagnetic Resonance in the Earth-Ionosphere Cavity. Springer, Tokyo, 2014.
  5. H. L. Konig, A. P. Krueger, S. Lang, W. Sonning, Biological effects of environmental electromagnetism. Springer-Verlag, N.Y., 1981.
  6. M. A. Persinger (ed), ELF and VLF Electromagnetic Field Effects, Plenum Press, N.Y., 1974.
  7. E. Niedermeyer, F. Lopes da Silva, Electroencephalography: Basic Principles, Clinical Applications, and Related Fields. Urban and Schwarzberg, Berlin, 1987.
  8. R. R. Llinas, D. Pare, Neuroscience 44 (1991) 521-535.
  9. R. R. Llinas, U. Ribardy, Coherent 40-Hz oscillations characterize dream state in humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90 (1993) 2078-2081.
  10. P. L. Nunez, Neocortical Dynamics and the Human EEG rhythms, Oxford, N.Y., 1995, pp. 68-131.
  11. M. A. Persinger, Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 6 (2012) 1-7.
  12. M. A. Persinger, International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy 11 (2014) 24-32.
  13. M. A. Persinger, Current Medicinal Chemistry 17 (2010) 3094-3098.
  14. D. Corson, P. Lorrain, Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields and Waves, W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, 1962, p. 310.
  15. B. T. Dotta, K. S. Saroka, M. A. Persinger, Neuroscience Letters 513 (2012) 151-154.
  16. K. S. Saroka, B. T. Dotta, M. A. Persinger, International Journal of Life Sciences and Medical Research 3 (2013) 30-34.
  17. Y. Isojima, T. Isoshima, K. Nagai, H. Kikuchi, Neuroreport 6 (1995) 658-660.
  18. M. Kobayashi, M. Takeda, T. Sato, Y. Yamazaki, K. Kaneko, K.I. Ito, H. Kato, Neuroscience Letters 34 (1999) 103-113.
  19. M. Magnin, M. Rey, H. Bastuji, P. Guillemant, F. Maugière, L. Garcia-Larrea, PNAS, 107 (2009) 3829-3833.
  20. J. Tamminen, J.D. Payne, R. Stickgold, E.J. Wamsley, M.G. Gaskell, The Journal of Neuroscience 30 (2010), 14356-14360.
  21. S.V. Pobachencko, A.G. Kolesnik, A.S. Borodin and V.V. Kalyuzhin, Biophysics 51 (2006) 480-483.
  22. P. Gloor, V. Salanova, A. Olivier, L.F. Quesney, Brain 116 (1993) 1249-1273.
  23. Center for International Earth Science Information Network - CIESIN - Columbia University. 2013. Environmental Treaties and Resource Indicators (ENTRI) Query Service. Palisades, NY: NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC). http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/entri. Accessed October 2015.
  24. H.J. Christian, R.J. Blakeslee, D.J. Boccippio, W.L. Boeck, D.E. Buechler, K.T. Drsicoll et al.,Journal of Geophysical Research 108 (2003), doi:10.1029/2002JD002347
  25. The Low Elevation Coastal Zone (LECZ) Urban-Rural Population and Land Area Estimates, Version 2 data were developed by the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University and were obtained from the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC) at http://dx.doi.org/10.7927/H4MW2F2J. Accessed in October 2015.
  26. M. A. Persinger, The Open Biology Journal 6 (2013) 8-13.
  27. A. V. Streltsov, T. Guido, B. Tulegenov, J. Labenski, C.-L. Chang, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 119 (2014) 110-115.
  28. E Greenberg, C. Price. Radio Science, 42 (2007), doi:10.1029/2006RS003477.
  29. G. Sátori and B. Zeiger. Journal of Geophysical Research 101 (1996) 663-669.

Cite this Article:

International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

Search Articles

Issue January 2021

Volume 10, January 2021

Table of Contents

World-wide Delivery is FREE

Share this Issue with Friends:

Submit your Paper