The effect of spent lubricating oil on the growth and yield of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) was investigated using plants planted in soil contaminated with different concentrations of spent lubricating oil. 4kg of soil was mixed homogeneously with 50.0ml, 75.0ml and 100.0ml of spent lubricating oil and the control (0.0ml). The growth parameters shows that the application of spent lubricating oil had a significant reduction (p<0.05) on the plant height, leaf area, fresh weight, dry weight and the harvest index of the cowpea seedlings studied. The reductions and morphological effects on the growth characteristics measured shows that there was an increase as the concentration level of the contaminant increases compared to the control. The concentrations of copper, cadmium, iron, lead and nickel in soil contaminated with spent lubricating oil increased with the volume of treatment. Heavy metal concentrations in the shoot and root of treated plants were higher than that of the control. This study therefore shows that the presence of the spent lubricating oil has great implications on the sustainability of M. esculenta growth.
chlorosis, heavy metal, harvest index, Spent Lubricating Oil, Manihot esculenta
- Adenipekun, C.O.and Kassim, L.Q.(2006). Effects of Spent Engine oli on the growth parameters and moisture content of Celosia argentea.In: Botany and Environmental Health, Akpan, G. and C.S,J. Odoemena (Eds.). University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria, pp:108-111.
- Adewole, M. G. and Moyinoluwa, D. A.(2012). Effect of crude oil on the emergence and growth of cowpea in two contrasting soil types from Abeokuta, Southwestern, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences. 5(4): 232-239.
- Agbogidi, O.M., Mariere, A.E. and Ohwo, A. (2013).Yield performance of five cultivar of soya beans (Glycine max L.Merr) as influenced by soil contaminated with crude oil. Niger Sci. 8: 31-35.
- Agbogidi, O.M. and Eshegbeyi, O.F. (2006). Performance of Dacryodes edulis (Don. G. Lam. H.J.) seeds and seedlings in crude oil contaminated soil. J. Sustainable For. 22(3/4): 1-14.
- Agbogidi, O.M. and Ejemete, O.R. (2005). An assessment of the effect of crude oil pollution on soil properties, germination and growth of Gambaya albida (L). Uniswa Res. J. Agric. Sci Technol. 8(2): 148-155.
- Anoliefo, G.O. and Vwioko, D.E. (2001). Tolerance of Chromolaena odorata (L) grown in soil contaminated with spent lubricating oil. J. Trop. Biosci. 1(1): 20-24.
- Ekanayake, I. J. (1994). Terminology for growth analysis of cassava. Tropical Root and Tuber Crops Bulletin 8(1):2.
- Iglesias, C. A., Calle, F., Hershey, C., Jaramillo, G. and Mesa, E. (1994). Sensitivity of cassava (Manihot esculetna Crantz) clones to environmental changes. Field Crops Research. 36: 213-220.
- Ikhajiagbe, B., Aniolefo, G.O., Jolaoso, M.A. and Oshomoh, E. O. (2013). Phytoassessment of a waste engine oil polluted soil exposed to two different intervals of monitored natural attenuation using African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16: 680-685.
- Kayode, J. Oyedeji, A. and Olowoyo, O. (2009). “Evaluation Of The Effect Of Pollution With Spent Lubricant Oil On The Physical And Chemical Properties Of Soil”. Pacific Journal of Science Technology.10(1): 387-391.
- Mohammed, S.A and Folorunsho, J.O. (2015). Heavy metals concentration in soil and Amaranthus retroflexus grown on irrigated farmlands in the Makera area of Kaduna state, Nigeria. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning 8(8) pp.210-217.
- Nweke, F. I. Spencer, S. C and Lyman, J. K. (2002). The cassava transformation. African best kept secret, Michigan state University press, East Lansing, Michigan, USA. Pp 231.
- Odjegba, V.J. and Atebe, J.O. (2007). The effect of used engine oil on carbohydrate, mineral content and nitrate reductase activity of leafy vegetable (Amaranthus hydridus L.) Journal of App. Sci. Environ. Manage., 11(2): 191-196.
- Ogbuehi, H.C. and Ezeibekwe, I.O. (2010). Growth performance of cassava variety NR 8082 in crude oil polluted soil in Imo state. International Science Research Journal. 2: 90-94.
- Osubor, C.C. and Anoliefo, G.O.(2003). Inhibitory effects of spent lubricating oil on the growth and respiratory functions of Arachis hypogea (L). Benin Sci. Dig, 1: 73-79.
- Ruqia, N., Muslim, M., Muhammad, M., Hameed, R.,Naveed, U.R., Surrya, S., Nosheen, A., Muhammad, S.I., Mohib, U. and Muhammad, R. (2015). Accumulation of Heavy Metals (Ni, Cu, Cd, Cr, Pb, Zn, Fe) in the soil, water and plants and analysis of physico-chemical parameters of soil and water collected from Tanda Dam Kohat. Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Research Vol. 7(3), 89-97.
- Sharifi, M., Sadeghi, Y.and Akbarpour, M. (2007). Germination and growth of six plant species on contaminated soil with Spent Engine Oil. International Journal of Environ., Science and Technology. 4(4): 463-470.
- Vwioko, D.E., Osawaru, M.E. and Eruogun, O.L. (2008). Nickel and chromium concentration in the plant tissues of six accession of Okra (Abelmoschus esculetus L.Moench) grown in soil contaminated with paint waste. African Journal of General Agriculture 4: 27-37.
International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.