Growth and Yield Performance of Cassava Manihot esculenta (Crantz) Exposed to Spent Lubricating Oil

Growth and Yield Performance of Cassava Manihot esculenta (Crantz) Exposed to Spent Lubricating Oil

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Author(s)

Author(s): Bridget O. Odiyi, S. E. Abiya

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DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.1189 189 544 97-100 Volume 6 - May 2017

Abstract

The effect of spent lubricating oil on the growth and yield of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) was investigated using plants planted in soil contaminated with different concentrations of spent lubricating oil. 4kg of soil was mixed homogeneously with 50.0ml, 75.0ml and 100.0ml of spent lubricating oil and the control (0.0ml). The growth parameters shows that the application of spent lubricating oil had a significant reduction (p<0.05) on the plant height, leaf area, fresh weight, dry weight and the harvest index of the cowpea seedlings studied. The reductions and morphological effects on the growth characteristics measured shows that there was an increase as the concentration level of the contaminant increases compared to the control. The concentrations of copper, cadmium, iron, lead and nickel in soil contaminated with spent lubricating oil increased with the volume of treatment. Heavy metal concentrations in the shoot and root of treated plants were higher than that of the control. This study therefore shows that the presence of the spent lubricating oil has great implications on the sustainability of M. esculenta growth.

Keywords

chlorosis, heavy metal, harvest index, Spent Lubricating Oil, Manihot esculenta

References

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International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

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