Study on Socioeconomic Impacts of Private Forest Plantations on Local Livelihood in Pyu Township, Taungoo District, Bago Region, Myanmar

Study on Socioeconomic Impacts of Private Forest Plantations on Local Livelihood in Pyu Township, Taungoo District, Bago Region, Myanmar

Loading document ...
Page
of
Loading page ...

Author(s)

Author(s): Aye Chan Ko Ko, Zhang Ying, Theint Theint Htun

Download Full PDF Read Complete Article

DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.1193 441 698 43-54 Volume 6 - Feb 2017

Abstract

Forest Department of Myanmar has called for private investment in plantation forestry by granting forest land concession right since 2006-07. On the other hand, rural peoples of the country, representing about 70% of total population, rely on forest resources and forest land for their livelihood. This paper explores the socio-economic impacts of private forest plantations on rural communities in Pyu Township, Taungoo district, Bago Region, Myanmar. According to our results private forest plantations have the potential to positively impact on local people’s wealth and well-being, if enough emphasis is paid attention to minimize the negative impacts. The household survey data of 213 observations from two villages were analyzed using binary and multinomial logistic regression analyses. The study reveals that forest plantations make threat the basis of traditional rural livelihoods by reducing the availability of natural resources. However, investments gave also supported the diversification of livelihood strategies in the communities by providing formal employment and by increasing business and trading activities. As a rapid growth of populations and traditional agricultural practices have led to the overexploitation of natural resources, non-natural resource-based livelihood strategies increase the resilience of a household. Most respondents give the facts on plantations to have either no overall impact or a positive impact on the well-being of their household. According to our results, socio-economic household characteristics only marginally point out respondents’ perceptions of the impacts of forest plantations but perceptions differ significantly between individual villages.

Keywords

Forest Department, socio-economic impacts, Private investment, Private Forest Plantations, Land concession right, Logistic regression analyses, Myanmar

References

  1. Anon (1992). Forest Law, Union of Myanmar.
  2. Anon (1995). Myanmar Forest Policy.
  3. Anon (2000). National Forest Master Plan, 2001-02 to 2030-31, Ministry of Forestry, Myanmar.
  4. Ashley, C. & Carney, D. (1999). Sustainable Livelihoods: Lessons from Early Experience, Overseas Development Institute, p6.
  5. Baumann, P. (2002). Improving Access to Natural Resources for Rural Poor: A Critical Analysis of Central Concepts and Emerging Trends from a Sustainable Livelihoods Perspective, FAO, p2.
  6. Chambers, R. & G. Conway (1991). Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: Practical Concepts for the 21st Century, IDS Discussion Paper296, Institute of Development Studies, p6
  7. Cor.H. Hanssen (2007). Lao land concessions, development for the people?: Proceedings-International Conference on poverty reduction and forests, Bangkok, p1.
  8. Cromwell, E. (2002). DFID’s Key sheet series: Pro-poor Infrastructure Provision, Land Tenure, p1.
  9. Dahal, G.R, Atkinson, J. & Bamton, J. (2011). Forest Tenure in Asia: Status and Trends, p 30.
  10. DFID (2001). Sustainable Livelihoods Guidance Sheets.
  11. Ellis, F. (2000). Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries, pp7,8,11
  12. FAO / INBAR (2006). Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005: Myanmar Country Report on Bamboo Resources, Working Paper, 126, Rome, p18, 21, 24, 27
  13. FAO, (2010). Global Forest Resources Assessment, 2010.
  14. Grootaert, C. & Van Bastelaer, T., (2001). Understanding and Measuring Social Capital: A Synthesis of Findings and Recommendations from the Social Capital Initiative, World Bank, p4.
  15. Hobley, M. (2007). Does Forestry Have a Role in Poverty Reduction? Proceedings: International Conference on Poverty Reduction and Forests, Bangkok, p2.
  16. Hoogenbosch, L. (2010). Forest Plantation and Livelihoods in Ghana’s High Forest Zone.
  17. IHLCA Project Report (2011). Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey in Myanmar (2009-2010); MNPED, UNICEF, Sida, UNDP; p16.
  18. J.Landry, P.Chirwa.(2011). Analysis of potential socio-economic impact of establishing plantation forestry on rural communities in Sanga district, Niassa province, Mozambique
  19. Kaung, B. & Cho, K. M. (2003). Forest Plantation Management between Centralized and Participatory Planning — A Case Study of East Pegu Yoma Project (EPP), Myanmar, p2,3.
  20. Ngwe Thee (2013). Report on assessing impacts of private forest plantations on livelihood of local communities in Kyauktaga Township, Bago District, Bago Region, Myanmar
  21. P. K. Ramachandran Nair (1993). An Introduction to Agroforestry, Kluwer Academic Publishers in cooperation with International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, p75.
  22. Prachvuthy, M. (2011). Impacts of Economic Land Concessions on the Livelihoods of Indigenous Communities in Northeast Provinces of Cambodia, p36.
  23. Schirmer, J. (2006). Socio-Economic Impacts of Land Use Change to Plantation Forestry: A Review of Current Knowledge and Case Studies of Australian Experience.[http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/nreos/forest/feop/Agenda2006/iufro_plantations/proceedings/G01 m-Schirmer.pdf]
  24. Soussan, J. & Blaikie, P. (Not Known). Understanding Livelihood Process and Dynamics: Livelihood-Policy Relationships in South Asia, Working Paper 1, Annex 1. [http://www.citeseerx.ist.psu.edu]
  25. Thorpe, A. & Van Anrooy, R. (2009). Inland fisheries livelihoods in Central Asia – Policy interventions and opportunities, FAO, p27
  26. William F. Elmendorf and A. E. Luloff (2001). Using Qualitative Data Collection Methods When Planning for Community Forest, Journal of Arboriculture 27(3), p142.
  27. Wint, S. M. (Not Known). A Brief review of Forest Restoration Programmes in Myanmar.[http://www.forru.org/PDF_Files/frfwcpdf/part2/p22%20Wint%20a%20brief%20review.pdf]
  28. World Bank (2008), Forest Source Book: Practical Guidance for Sustaining Forests in Development Cooperation, pp15-17.
  29. Yamane, T. (1967). Statistics, An introductory analysis, 2nd Ed., New York: Harper and Row, p886

Cite this Article:

  • BibTex
  • RIS
  • APA
  • Harvard
  • IEEE
  • MLA
  • Vancouver
  • Chicago

International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

Search Articles

Issue August 2019

Volume 8, August 2019


Table of Contents


Order Print Copy

World-wide Delivery is FREE

Share this Issue with Friends:


Submit your Paper