Evaluation of Chenopodium album Linn. Crude Methanolic Leaf Extract for Central Antinociceptive Activity in Albino Mice using the Hot Plate Test

Evaluation of Chenopodium album Linn. Crude Methanolic Leaf Extract for Central Antinociceptive Activity in Albino Mice using the Hot Plate Test

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Author(s)

Author(s): Sibusisiwe Magama, Asita Okorie Asita

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DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.1310 173 662 36-44 Volume 6 - Jun 2017

Abstract

The aim of study was to evaluate the crude leaf extract of Chenopodium album for central antinociceptive activity using inbred NIH albino mice. No mortalities were observed during the 14 day period in any of the 4 groups of 5 mice per group orally given 1, 2, 3, and 5 g/kg bw respectively. It was therefore assumed that the LD50 was higher than 5 g/kg bw. Eddy’s hot plate test for antinociception using 0, 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg bw and standard drug Aspirin (150 mg/kg bw) orally administered revealed that both Aspirin and the extract at 100 and at 150mg/kg bw exhibited significant (P < 0.05) dose-dependent antinociception compared with the negative control at the seven time intervals; 30, 60, 120,180, 240,300, 360 minutes. The maximum antinociception (71.47%) for the 150mg/kg bw group being at 30 minutes after administration and statistically not different from that of Aspirin (67.44%) at the same time interval. Between 30 and 180 minutes after oral administration of test substances, antinociception due to C. album extract (150 mg/kg bw) was statistically not different fromthatduetoAspirin. Thereafter Aspirin remained more efficacious than the extracttill the end of experiment at 360 minutes; a parallel shift from 240 minutes suggesting a similar mechanism of antinociception.

Keywords

Hotplate Latency, Antinociception, Chenopodium album, Phytochemicals

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