The education of all members of society is a prerequisite for the development of modern globalized society. Given this admission adult education and in particular, education of adults belonging to vulnerable social groups such as prisoners should be a particular concern. The various peculiarities of inmates increase the chances of their educational and by extension their exclusion. It is therefore imperative to provide educational programs that meet both their specific characteristics and the purpose of the custodial sentence. The initiative to operate an organized high school educational structure, for the first time in the Greek territory, within the 2nd Second Chance School (SCS) Prison School in Larissa and the absence of relevant surveys in Greece has led to an investigate both the views of prisoners – trainees on the structure for the provision of formal high school education in prisons and also the views of the education executives related to the incarcerated population. More specifically, the research objectives related to the views of education officers who are related to the training of prisoners in terms of the conditions of provision of high school education to prisoners, the role of the informal educational structure of high school level which operated inside the Court Prisons of Larissa as well as the factors that inhibit the prisoners’ attendance in the second level of secondary education. At the same, the prisoners’ expectations of attending high school were investigated and, in particular, the motivation to participate in the informal educational structure of SCS in the prisons of Larissa as well as the positive and negative elements of the operation of the structure. The methodological approach followed was that of qualitative research with a research tool, the semi – structured interview, on a sample of six individuals. The analysis of the findings has revealed the beneficial effect of attending structures of high school level on both the individual and on the community. However, given the existing conditions, the willingness of the internees acquire to high school education is made more difficult and any effort to provide high school education to prisoners is confronted with insurmountable impediments. Among the inhibitors of high school education of the prisoners were the conditions of detention, the insufficiency of prison time allotted for this purpose, the level of knowledge of the Greek language and the absence of a specific program tailored to the characteristics and needs of the detainees and in harmony with the aim of correction and the (re)integration of the prisoner. The above – mentioned research findings are in agreement with corresponding findings from the review of the relevant bibliography and could be a perpetual advisor and guide for anyone who researches and deals with the education of the vulnerable social group of prisoners.
Prisoners, Typical Education, Lyceum Education, Vulnerable Social Groups, Informal School, Adult Education, Closed Prisons
- Alexiadi S., (1989). Criminology, volume C’, Athens - Thessaloniki: Sakkoulas.
- Allen, P. (1988). Dynamic models of evolving systems. System Dynamics Review, 4, 109 - 130. Doi.org/10.1002/sdr.4260040107.
- Aloskofis, O. (2013). The Social Profile of Detainees and Their Needs after Detention. Athens: Return.
- Brewster, D., & Sharp, S. (2002). Educational program and Recidivism in Oklahoma: Another Look. The prison journal, 82(3), 314-334.
- Conseil de l' Europe (1990). Education en prison. Recommandation no R (89) 12 adopté par le Comité des Ministres du Conseil de l’ Europe, le 13 Octobre 1989 et exposé des motifs, Strasbourg, Conceil de l’ Europe.
- Creswell, J. (2011). Research in education. Planning, Conduct and Evaluation of Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Athens: ION.
- Daskalaki, H. (1996). The training of detainees in Greece and in the EU countries. In: Papadopoulou, P. Tsambarli, & D. Fronimou (Ed.), Dimensions of Social Exclusion in Greece (pp. 263-287). Athens: EKKE.
- Dimitrouli, K., Themeli, D., & Rigoutsou, E. (2006). Adult Education in Prisons. The result of an effort in our country. Retrieved November 10, 2016 from http://repository.edulll.gr/edulll/handle/10795/143
- Eur - Lex (2017). Europe 2020: the European Union's Growth and Jobs Strategy. Retrieved from http: eur-lex.europa.eu/legal- content/EL/TXT/?uri=LEGISSUM:em0028
- Gerber, J., & Fritsch, E.J. (1983). Adult academic and vocational correctional programs: A review of recent research. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 22,119-142. Doi.org/10.1300/ J076v22n01_08.
- Harlow, C.W. (2003). Education and Correctional Population, US Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC: 2003), NCJ 195670.
- Jarvis, P. (2004). Continuing education and training: theory and practice. Athens: Metaixmio, (In Greek).
- Jiovanoglou, S. (2006). Institutional problems of social reintegration of prisoners. Athens - Thessaloniki: Sakkoulas.
- Kelidou, O. (2011). Education as a policy of social reintegration of adult prisoners in Greece. Retrieved, 25 November 2016 by http://www.ekdd.gr/ekdda/files/ergasies_esdd/21/13/1572.pdf
- Kett, M. (1995). Survey of prisoners’ attitudes to education. Wheatfield Place of Detention. Unpublished report.
- Koulouris, NK (2009). Social Reintegration of the Prison. Athens: Legal Library.
- Law 2413/1996. Greek education abroad, intercultural education and other provisions. (Government 124 A’ / 17-6-96).
- Law 2525/1997. Unified Lyceum, Access to Graduate Education in Tertiary Education, Assessment of Educational Work and Other Provisions. Government A188 / 23.9.1997.
- Law 2776/1999. Correctional Code. (Government Gazette 291 / A / 24-12-1999).
- Law 4283/2014. Establish and organize a National Policy Council on Education and other provisions. (Government Gazette A 189 / 10-09-2014).
- Law 4386/2016. Research arrangements and other provisions. (A83) (GOV 1489 / 26.5.2016).
- Lipton, D., Martinson, R. and Willks, J. (1975). The Effectiveness of Correctional Treatment: A Survey of Treatment Evaluation Studies. New York: Praeger.
- Margaritis, L., & Paraskevopoulos, N. (2000). Communology (Sixth edition), Athens - Thessaloniki: Sakkoulas.
- Margaritis, L., & Paraskevopoulos, N. (2005). Communology art. 50-133 P.Κ. (d’ ed.) Athens - Thessaloniki: Sakkoulas.
- Mezirow, J., & Associates (2007). Transforming learning. Athens: Metaixmio, (In Greek).
- Ministerial Decision 58819 / 7.4.2003. Internal Regulations for the Operation of General A & B Reservation Stores. (Government 3 B 463 17.4.2003).
- Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights (2017). Organization of the Correctional System in Greece. Retrieved January 3, 2017 by http://www.ministryofjustice.gr.
- New provision for individually-educated students. Retrieved January 5, 2017 from https://www.esos.gr/arthra/44936/nea-diataxi-gia-toys-kat-idiandidahthentes-mathites
- OECD (1995). OECD Report on the Greek Educational System. Athens: Ministry of National Education and Religious Affairs.
- OECD (2011). Education Policy Advice for Greece, Strong Performers and Successful reformers in Education. Paris: OECD Publishing.
- Official Journal of the European Union (2009). Strategic Framework for European Cooperation in the Field of Education and Training. Council Conclusions of 12 May 2009. Brussels: C 119/02. Commission of the European Communities (2009). Consultation on the Future EU 2020 Strategy. Commission Working Paper. Brussels: COM 647.
- Ombudsman (2006). Annual Report 2005. Athens: National Printing Works.
- Panitsidis, E. (2008). The Lisbon Impact upon Greek Lifelong Educational Policy. In N. P. Terzis (Ed.), European Unification and Educational Challenges in theBalkan, Balkan Society for Pedagogy and Education, No 8 (pp. 381-386). Thessaloniki: Kiriakidis.
- Panitsidou, E. & Papastamatis, A. (2013). Reforming Education in Tune with the Priorities of the 'Education & Training 2020' Agenda: A qualitative study. Retrieved December 10, 2016 from http: // reimaginingschools.com.
- Panousis, G. (2008). "Central Prison Council Scientific Council: A First Review (1996 - 2002)". In S. Vidalis, Zagoura, P. (Ed.), Counseling and Prison (pages 121-140). Athens: Sakkoulas.
- Panousis, G. (2008). Social reintegration as an independent right of the prisoners - Initial dialogue-. Retrieved January 10, 2017, from http://epanodos.org.gr/documents/10199/22195.
- Parker, E. (1990). The social-psychological impact of a college education on the prison inmate. Journal of Correctional Education, 41, 297-305.
- PD 36/2000. Ministry of Justice Organization. (Government Gazette A 29 / 17.2.2000).
- PD 465 of 11 / 15.5.81: On the way of promotion, dismissal and examination of the students of the Gymnasiums. (Government Gazette A’ 129).
- Vacca, J. S. (2004). Educated prisoners are less likely to return to prison. Journal of Correctional Education, 55(4), 297-305.
- Vergidis, D. (2008). The evolution of adult education in Greece and its socio - economic function. Patras: Hellenic Open University.
- Vergidis, D., Asimaki, A., & Gintzidis, A. (2007). The training of detainees: The Second Chance School at the Prison of Korydallos. Postgraduate Diploma Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University.
- Wacquant, L. (2002). The prisons of misery. Athens: Patakis.
International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.