Hazardous Impacts of Open Dumpsite of Municipal Solid Wastes on Soil: Case of M’Ploussoue Park Dump at Bonoua in Ivory Coast

Hazardous Impacts of Open Dumpsite of Municipal Solid Wastes on Soil: Case of M’Ploussoue Park Dump at Bonoua in Ivory Coast

Loading document ...
Loading page ...


Author(s): Bongoua-Devisme A. J., Gueable Y. K. D., Balland Bolou Bi C., Bolou Bi B. E., Kassin K. E., Adiaffi B., Yao-Kouame A., Djagoua E. M. V.

Download Full PDF Read Complete Article

DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.1653 105 408 32-38 Volume 7 - May 2018


In Ivory Coast, most of the uncontrolled dumpsites are open-air and is one of the most common methods adopted. To study the impact of the solid waste on soil, soil samples were collected from the dumpsite of M’Ploussoue Park in Bonoua. The physical and chemical parameters such as size particle, pH, Exchangeable cations, CEC and the contents in heavy metals, were studied using various analytical techniques. It has been found that most of all the heavy metals analyzed contents exceeds the permissible limits in accordance with CCME soil quality standards. It’s conclude that M’Ploussoue Park dumpsite is characterized as polluted site whose the contamination is due to the solid waste materials that are dumped in the area.


Solid Waste, Open Air Dumpsite, Heavy Metals, Bonoua


  1. AFNOR (Association française de normalisation) (1996). Qualité des sols. Recueil de normes françaises. 3e édition. Paris – La défense. 534 p.
  2. Aké G.E. (2010). Impacts de la variabilité climatique et des pressions anthropiques sur les ressources hydriques de la région de Bonoua (Sud-Est de la Côte d'Ivoire). Thèse de Doctorat de l'Université de Cocody, 200 p.
  3. Akpaki O., Koledzi1 E.K., Kwamivi N.S., Baba G., Koffi K. et Tchangbedji G. (2014). Recherche de polluants inorganiques sur un ancien site de décharge d’ordures ménagères érigé en aire de jeux : cas de Bè-Aveto à Lomé au Togo. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences. 8(2), pp. 766-776.
  4. CCME (2001). Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment updated 2001. Canadian Soil Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Environmental and Human Health. Canadian Environmental Quality Guidelines, No.1299. CCME, Winnipeg. ISBN 1-896997- 34-1.
  5. Chimuka, L., Mugwedi, R., Moboladisoro, B.H., Odiyo, O.J. (2005). Metals in environmental media: a study of trace and plantinum group metals in ThohyandouSouth Africa. Water SA 31, pp. 581–588.
  6. Chukwudi N., Henry D. O., Selegha A., Modupeola A. O. and Vilém P. (2017). Assessment of the impacts of municipal solid waste dumps on soils and plants, Chemistry and Ecology, 33:7, pp. 589-606.
  7. El-Fadel M., Bou-Zeid E., Chahine W., and Alayli B. (2002). Temporal variation of leachate quality from pre-sorted and baled municipal solid waste with high organic and moisture content. Waste Manag (Oxford) 22, pp. 269–282.
  8. ISWA: International Solid Waste Association (2015). Wasted Health: the tragic case of dumpsites. Book, 38p.
  9. Hakkou R., Wahbi M., Bachnou A., Elamari K., Hanic H. et Hibti M. (2001). Impact de la décharge publique de Marrakech (Maroc) sur les ressources en eau, Bull. Eng. Geol. Env., 60, pp. 325-336.
  10. Hargreaves J.C., Adl M.S. et Warman P.R. (2008). A review of the use of composted municipal solid waste in agriculture. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 12, pp. 31-34.
  11. Kouamé I. K., Gone D. L., Savane I., Kouassi E. A., Koffi K., Goula B. T. A. et Diallo M. (2006). Relative mobility of heavy metals resulting from Akouédo landfill and assessment of Continental Terminal groundwater contamination risk (Abidjan-Côte d'Ivoire). Afrique SCIENCE 02(1), pp. 39-56.
  12. Mathieu C. et Pieltain F. (2003). Analyse chimique des sols méthodes choisies. Lavoisier ed, Paris, 387 p.
  13. Mor S., Ravindra K, Dahiya R.P. and Chandra A. (2006). Leachate characterization and assessment of groundwater pollution near municipal solid waste landfill site. Environmental monitoring and Assessment, 118, pp. 435-456.
  14. OJEC (2001). Decision No 2455/2001/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2001 establishing a list of priority substances in the field of water policy and amending Directive 2000/60/EC, in : OJEC (Ed.). Official Journal of the European Communities.
  15. Papageorgiou, M., (2006). Public community partnerships for waste collection in three Indian cities, an exercise in world making – best student essays of 2005–06. Inst. Soc. Studies 24, pp. 104–117.
  16. Partha, V., Murthya, N.N. and Saxena, P.R. (2011). Assessment of heavy metal contamination in soil around hazardous waste disposal sites in Hyderabad city (India): natural and anthropogenic implications. E3. J. Environ. Res. Manage. 2 (2), pp. 027–034
  17. Praveena, G. S. and Rao P. (2016). Impact of Leachate on Soil Properties in the Dumpsite (A Case study of Greater Visakhapatnam). International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science Volume 4, Issue 1, pp. 235-241
  18. Quenea K., Lamy I., Winterton P., Bermond A., Dumat C. (2009). Interactions between metals and soil organic matter in various particle size fractions of soil contaminated with waste water. Geoderma, Elsevier, Vol 1, N° 3-4, pp. 217-223.
  19. Robert, G.P., Frederick, R.T., (1995). Introductory Soil Science Laboratory Manual. Oxford University Press, p. 120.
  20. Soheil, R.I., Hossien, M.H., Gholamreza, S., and Hassan, E. (2012). Effects of composted municipal waste and its leachate on some soil chemical properties and corn plant responses. 2(6), pp. 801-814.
  21. Suh J-Y., Birch G. F., Hughes K. et Matthai C. (2004). Spatial distribution and source of heavy metals in reclaimed lets of Homebush Bay: the venue of the 2000 Olympic Games, Sydney, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol.51, N°1, pp. 53-67.
  22. Yin Y., Impellitteri C. A., You S.J., Allen H.E. (2002). The importance of organic matter distribution and exact soil: solution ratio on the desorption of heavy metals from soils. Science Total Environment, Vol 287, pp.107-119.
  23. Yobouet Y.A., Adouby K., Trokourey A. et Yao B. (2010). Cadmium, Copper, Lead and Zinc speciation in contaminated soils. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 2 (5), pp. 802-812.
  24. Ziraba A.K., Haregu T.N., and Mberu B., (2016). A review and framework for understanding the ptentiel impact of poor solid waste management on health in developing countries. Archives of Public Health, 74:55, pp.1-11.

Cite this Article:

International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

Search Articles

Issue June 2023

Volume 12, June 2023

Table of Contents

World-wide Delivery is FREE

Share this Issue with Friends:

Submit your Paper