Download Full PDF
Read Complete Article
Volume 8 - Jun 2019
Vegetables make up a major portion of human diet in many parts of the world and play significant role in human nutrition especially as sources of vitamins, minerals, dietary fibre and phytochemicals. In Nigeria, some indigenous vegetables have become neglected and underutilised despite their great potential in contributing to food security and nutrition. This study therefore aimed at determining the consumption pattern of neglected and underutilized vegetables among rural households in Akinyele Local Government Area (LGA), Ibadan, Nigeria. The descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 220 rural household women in Akinyele LGA. Information on socio-economic and demographic characteristics, respondent’s knowledge of and familiarity with the chosen indigenous vegetables, frequency of consumption and factors influencing consumption of these vegetables were obtained from respondents using pre-tested, semi-structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire with a section on multi-pass 24-hour diet recall. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square test at p<0.05. Mean age of respondents was 44.7±18.0 years. Only few (7.3%) of the respondents know, have seen and eat Ogunmo, while many (26.4%, 35.0%, 31.4%, 30.9% and 41.8%) know, have seen and eat Moringa leaf, Efo odu, Yanrin, Ebolo, and Worowo respectively out of all the vegetables studied. Many respondents reportedly consume Worowo (42.7%), Ebolo (53.6%), Ugwu (28.2%), Yanrin (40.5%), Efo odu (41.4%) and Igbaagba (27.7%) less than once in a month and 65.0%, 30.0%, and 59.1% has never consumed Ogunmo, Efirin, and Moringa leaf respectively in the last one month. Most (96.4%) respondents reported that the seasonal nature of the vegetables affects their consumption. There is need for consumers education on the benefits of inclusion of indigenous neglected and underutilised vegetables in their daily diets as they have been found to possess a high potential for improving nutrition and health in many areas around the world.
Dietary Diversity, Neglected and Underutilized Vegetables, Vegetable Consumption Pattern, Rural Households
- Amujoyegbe, D. J. Oyedele, M. K. Idowu, J. O. Ayinde and O. C. Adebooye (2015). Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Vol.7(9), pp. 283-289, September, 2015 Barucha, Z., & Pretty, J. (2010). The roles of wild foods in agricultural systems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 365, 2913–2926
- Bekunda, M.; Sanginga, N.; Woomer, P.L. (2010). Restoring soil fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. In: Advances in Agronomy, Donald, L.S. (Ed.), pp.183-236.
- Boedecker, J., Termote, C., Assogbadjo A.E., Lachat, C. and Van Damme P. (2014) Food Security. Volume 6 (6), 833–849. doi:10.1007/s12571-014-0396-7
- Chweya J.A,and Eyzaguirre P.B (1999). The biodiversity of traditional leafy vegetables. IPGRI Rome, Italy. Vol 12, pp182-187. consumption of traditional vegetables in Tanzania from the farmers point of view.
- Dansi,A., Vodouhè,R., Azokpota,P., Yedomonhan,H., Assogba,P., Adjatin,A., Loko,Y., Dossou Aminon, K. and Akpagana, K. (2012) Diversity of the Neglected and Underutilized Crop Species of Importance in Benin. Scientific World Journal. Vol 9
- FAO (2013). Linkages between biodiversity, food and nutrition. Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Fourteenth Regular Session. Rome, Food and AgricultureOrganizationoftheUnitedNations. http://www.fao.org/docrep/meeting/027/mf561e.pdf
- Global Hunger Index (2014). The Challenge of Hidden Hunger. Pp 4-7
- Guarino L (1997). Traditional Africa vegetables. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. In: Proceedings of the IPGRI international workshop on genetic resources on traditional vegetables in Africa. IPGRI, Rome, Italy.
- Idowu O. (2009) ISHS Acta Horticulturae 806: International Symposium on Underutilized Plants for Food Security, Nutrition, Income and Sustainable Development. ISHS (International Society for Horticultural Science); Leuven, Belgium: 2009. Contribution of neglected and underutilized crops to household food security and health among rural dwellers in Oyo State, Nigeria
- Janick J (2011). Horticultural review. John and Willey and Co. vol 38, pp 305.
- Keding, G., Msuya, J. M., Maas, B. L., & Krawinkel, M. B. (2012). Relating dietary diversity and food variety scores to vegetable production and socio-economic status of women in rural Tanzania. Food Security, 4, 129–140
- Magbagbeola, JAO. Adetoso, JA. and Owolabi, OA. (2010) Neglected and underutilized species (NUS): a panacea for community focused development to poverty alleviation/poverty
- reduction in Nigeria. Journal of Economics and International Finance, 2(10),208 - 211
- Maziya-Dixon B, Akinyele IO, Oguntona EB, Nokoe S, Sanusi RA and E Harris (2003). Nigeria food Consumption and Nutrition Survey (2001-2003). International Institute for Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan Nigeria.
- Nnamani, C. V., Oselebe, H. O. and Agbatutu, A. (2009). Ethnobotany of Indigenous Leafy Vegetables of Izzi Clan, in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. In: Proceeding of 20th Annual National Conference of Biotechnology Society of Nigeria. Abakaliki, November 14th -17th, pp. 111-114.
- Odhav, B, Beerkrum, S, Akula and Baijnath, H. (2007). Preliminary assessment of nutritional value of traditional leafy vegetables in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 20(5), pp. 430–435.
- Salami TR (2011). Survey and identification of some under exploited indigenous vegetables in some parts of Osun State, Nigeria. University of Abeokuta, Horticulture M.Sc. Thesis, P89.
- Termote, C., Bwama Meyi, M., Dhed’a Djailo, B., Huybregts, L., Lachat, C., Kolsteren, K., & VanDamme, P. (2012). A biodiverse rich environment does not contribute to a better diet: a case study from DR Congo. PLoS ONE, 7(1), e30533.
Cite this Article:
International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.