Plasticity of Mesenchymal Stem Cells based on Immune Regulation Network

Plasticity of Mesenchymal Stem Cells based on Immune Regulation Network

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Author(s)

Author(s): Tingting Ren

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DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.2096 9 36 139-147 Volume 8 - May 2019

Abstract

The immunomodulatory function of mesenchymal stem cells has received increasing attention and is widely used in the treatment of clinical immune diseases. The various signal-stimulating molecules during the inflammatory response are essential for the ability of MSCs to exert immunomodulatory effects and determine the fate of immune regulation in MSCs - pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory. Such plasticity relies on a regulatory network between immune cells and MSCs that is formed by cytokines, chemokines, and some small molecules. To gain a deeper understanding of the specific mechanisms by which MSCs exert immunomodulatory effects, it is necessary to clarify the factors involved in regulation, the series of cellular signaling pathways triggered by these factors, and the potential links between them. This article is based on these immune regulation networks, combined with the latest research trends, to provide a theoretical basis for better clinical improvement of MSCs treatment.

Keywords

Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Plasticity, Immune Cells, Cytokines, Immune Regulation Network

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International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
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Issue May 2019

Volume 8, May 2019


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