SHMP as Antiscalant for Treating Brackish Water using Reverse Osmosis

SHMP as Antiscalant for Treating Brackish Water using Reverse Osmosis

Loading document ...
Page
of
Loading page ...

Author(s)

Author(s): Mohammed Saleh Al Ansari

Download Full PDF Read Complete Article

DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.2470 15 33 11-24 Volume 10 - May 2021

Abstract

One of the most genuine issues found in desalination utilizing reverse osmosis (RO) is concentrate or administration of brine. This concentrate can be utilized as a raw material for production of minerals. The antiscalants present in the RO handle ought to be removed after the process of salt crystallization. The precipitation of the amount of sulfate and carbonate from calcium can be modulated by the antiscalants in the process of reverse osmosis. However, the modulation of calcium phosphate has not been highlighted in literature. This gap in the literature instigated us to explore the activity of the antiscalants in the scaling of calcium phosphate in the RO blocks by a mild method. Nowadays, most RO desalination plants are utilizing phosphorus-based antiscalants to prevent scaling and to realize tall layer execution, as measured by diminished transmembrane weight, salt entry, and expanded saturate stream. In any case, phosphorus antiscalants in brine disposal can be an natural issue that ought to be considered and considered when introducing a desalination plant. Sodium Hexametaphosphate (SHMP) is reckoned excellent antiscalant agent which utilizes to deal with scaling in RO films. The sodium hexametaphosphate solution is prepared by mixing in sodium hexametaphosphate vessel and dosed to the feed water through. However, the apparatus containing sodium hexametaphosphate was highly prone to contamination by bacteria. The amount of bacteria within the apparatus after 36 days of makeup was far too high to be analysed as it reached a value of beyond Too Numerous To Count (TNTC). The polyphosphate can be transformed into orthophosphate in presence of sodium hexametaphosphate solution. The conversion is influenced by parameters like temperature, concentration and different nutrients responsible for the growth of microbes. Thus a study was conducted for the detection of free phosphate in a solution of sodium hexametaphosphate. Since hydrogen sulfide (H2S) can be generated in raw water, the use of chlorine was averted completely. The tanks and injection lines containing sodium hexametaphosphate solution was disinfected using sodium metabisulfite (SBS). The optimum concentration of sodium metabisulphate solution required for sterilization along with reducing the formation of the free phosphate was studied. The reaction of the SBS in the apparatus containing sodium hexametaphosphate solution was studied. Furthermore the interaction between the SBS with the sodium hexametaphosphate solution in connection with the Microguard Filter (MGF) influencing the efficacy and output of the RO system was studied.

Keywords

Antiscalant, Sodium Metabisulfite (SBS), Sodium Hexametaphosphate (SHMP), Reverse Osmosis (RO)

References

  1. A.I. Radu, M.C.M. van Loosdrecht, C. Picioreanu. 2013. “Model-Based Approach for Understanding Scaling in Reverse Osmosis Devices,.” 23rd Annual Meeting North American Membrane Society Meeting.
  2. Abd-El-Khalek, D. E., and B. A. Abd-El-Nabey. 2013. “Evaluation of Sodium Hexametaphosphate as Scale and Corrosion Inhibitor in Cooling Water Using Electrochemical Techniques.” Desalination 311: 227–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2012.11.017.
  3. Al-Roomi, Yousef M., and Kaneez F. Hussain. 2016. “Potential Kinetic Model for Scaling and Scale Inhibition Mechanism.” Desalination 393: 186–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2015.07.025.
  4. Amjad, Zahid, and Peter Koutsoukos. 2010. “Mineral Scales and Deposits.” The Science and Technology of Industrial Water Treatment, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420071450-c1.
  5. Ang, W. L., A. W. Mohammad, A. Benamor, N. Hilal, and C. P. Leo. 2016. “Hybrid Coagulation–NF Membrane Process for Brackish Water Treatment: Effect of Antiscalant on Water Characteristics and Membrane Fouling.” Desalination 393: 144–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2016.01.010.
  6. Antony, Alice, Jor How Low, Stephen Gray, Amy E. Childress, Pierre Le-Clech, and Greg Leslie. 2011. “Scale Formation and Control in High Pressure Membrane Water Treatment Systems: A Review.” Journal of Membrane Science 383 (1–2): 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2011.08.054.
  7. Bush, John A., Johan Vanneste, Emily M. Gustafson, Christopher A. Waechter, David Jassby, Craig S. Turchi, and Tzahi Y. Cath. 2018. “Prevention and Management of Silica Scaling in Membrane Distillation Using PH Adjustment.” Journal of Membrane Science 554: 366–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2018.02.059.
  8. Butt, F. H., F. Rahman, and U. Baduruthamal. 1997. “Characterization of Foulants by Autopsy of RO Desalination Membranes.” Desalination 114 (1): 51–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0011-9164(97)00154-9.
  9. Drak, Alexander, Karl Glucina, Markus Busch, David Hasson, Jean Michel Laîne, and Raphael Semiat. 2000. “Laboratory Technique for Predicting the Scaling Propensity of RO Feed Waters.” Desalination 132 (1–3): 233–42. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0011-9164(00)00154-5.
  10. “Efficiency of Five Scale Inhibitors on Calciumcarbonate Precipitation Fromhardwater: Effect of Temperature and Concentration,.” n.d.
  11. Eriksson, Rasmus, Juha Merta, and Jarl B. Rosenholm. 2007. “The Calcite/Water Interface. I. Surface Charge in Indifferent Electrolyte Media and the Influence of Low-Molecular-Weight Polyelectrolyte.” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 313 (1): 184–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2007.04.034.
  12. Finch, J A, and F Rashchi. 2000. “Polyphosphates: A Review Their Chemistry and Application with Particular Reference to Mineral Processing.” Minerals Engineering 13 (10–11): 1019–35.
  13. Greenberg, G., D. Hasson, and R. Semiat. 2005. “Limits of RO Recovery Imposed by Calcium Phosphate Precipitation.” Desalination 183 (1–3): 273–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2005.04.026.
  14. Hasson, David, and Andrei Cornel. 2017. “Effect of Residence Time on the Degree of CaCO3 Precipitation in the Presence of an Anti-Scalant.” Desalination 401: 64–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2016.06.006.
  15. Hegab, Hanaa M., and Linda Zou. 2015. “Graphene Oxide-Assisted Membranes: Fabrication and Potential Applications in Desalination and Water Purification.” Journal of Membrane Science 484: 95–106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2015.03.011.
  16. Herzberg, Moshe, and Menachem Elimelech. 2007. “Biofouling of Reverse Osmosis Membranes: Role of Biofilm-Enhanced Osmotic Pressure.” Journal of Membrane Science 295 (1–2): 11–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2007.02.024.
  17. Issabayev, Yerzhan A., Galina I. Boiko, Nina P. Lyubchenko, Yerengaip M. Shaikhutdinov, Hervé Muhr, Ludovic Colombeau, Philippe Arnoux, and Céline Frochot. 2018. “Synthesis of Unexplored Aminophosphonic Acid and Evaluation as Scale Inhibitor for Industrial Water Applications.” Journal of Water Process Engineering 22: 192–202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2017.12.007.
  18. J. Au, M. Kim, A. Rahardianto, Y. Cohen, E. Lyster. 2007. “Kinetics of RO Membrane Scaling in the Presence of Antiscalants,.” AIChE Annual Meeting Nov. 2007 Salt Lake City, USA.
  19. J. Rieger, E. Hadicke, K.H. Buchner. 2001. “Formation of CaCO3 and the Effect of Polycarboxylates — Molecular Dynamics Simulations and Time-Resolved Experiments, in: H. Glade, J. Ulrich (Eds.), Scaling in Seawater Desalination: Is Molecular Modeling the Tool to Overcome the Problem.” Shaker Verlag, Aachen, 139–152.
  20. Jawor, Anna, and Eric M.V. Hoek. 2009. “Effects of Feed Water Temperature on Inorganic Fouling of Brackish Water RO Membranes.” Desalination 235 (1–3): 44–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2008.07.004.
  21. Kanani, Dharmesh M., Xinghua Sun, and Raja Ghosh. 2008. “Reversible and Irreversible Membrane Fouling during In-Line Microfiltration of Concentrated Protein Solutions.” Journal of Membrane Science 315 (1–2): 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2008.01.053.
  22. Ketrane, R., B. Saidani, O. Gil, L. Leleyter, and F. Baraud. 2009. “Efficiency of Five Scale Inhibitors on Calcium Carbonate Precipitation from Hard Water: Effect of Temperature and Concentration.” Desalination 249 (3): 1397–1404. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2009.06.013.
  23. Khan, Muhammad Tariq, Markus Busch, Veronica Garcia Molina, Abdul Hamid Emwas, Cyril Aubry, and Jean Philippe Croue. 2014. “How Different Is the Composition of the Fouling Layer of Wastewater Reuse and Seawater Desalination RO Membranes?” Water Research 59: 271–82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2014.04.020.
  24. Lee, Sangho, Jaehong Kim, and Chung Hak Lee. 1999. “Analysis of CaSO4 Scale Formation Mechanism in Various Nanofiltration Modules.” Journal of Membrane Science 163 (1): 63–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0376-7388(99)00156-8.
  25. Li, Heng, Ming Kai Hsieh, Shih Hsiang Chien, Jason D. Monnell, David A. Dzombak, and Radisav D. Vidic. 2011. “Control of Mineral Scale Deposition in Cooling Systems Using Secondary-Treated Municipal Wastewater.” Water Research 45 (2): 748–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2010.08.052.
  26. Li, Shunling, Qing Qu, Lei Li, Ke Xia, Yan Li, and Tingting Zhu. 2019. “Bacillus Cereus S-EPS as a Dual Bio-Functional Corrosion and Scale Inhibitor in Artificial Seawater.” Water Research 166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2019.115094.
  27. Liu, Qian, Guo Rong Xu, and R. Das. 2019. “Inorganic Scaling in Reverse Osmosis (RO) Desalination: Mechanisms, Monitoring, and Inhibition Strategies.” Desalination 468. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2019.07.005.
  28. Lu, Yan yue, Yang dong Hu, Dong mei Xu, and Lian ying Wu. 2006. “Optimum Design of Reverse Osmosis Seawater Desalination System Considering Membrane Cleaning and Replacing.” Journal of Membrane Science 282 (1–2): 7–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2006.04.019.
  29. M’nif, A., S. Bouguecha, B. Hamrouni, and M. Dhahbi. 2007. “Coupling of Membrane Processes for Brackish Water Desalination.” Desalination 203 (1–3): 331–36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2006.04.016.
  30. Malaeb, Lilian, and George M. Ayoub. 2011. “Reverse Osmosis Technology for Water Treatment: State of the Art Review.” Desalination 267 (1): 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.09.001.
  31. Mangal, M. Nasir, Sergio G. Salinas-Rodriguez, Jos Dusseldorp, Antoine J.B. Kemperman, Jan C. Schippers, Maria D. Kennedy, and Walter G.J. van der Meer. 2021. “Effectiveness of Antiscalants in Preventing Calcium Phosphate Scaling in Reverse Osmosis Applications.” Journal of Membrane Science 623. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2021.119090.
  32. Matin, Asif, Faizur Rahman, Hafiz Zahid Shafi, and Syed M. Zubair. 2019. “Scaling of Reverse Osmosis Membranes Used in Water Desalination: Phenomena, Impact, and Control; Future Directions.” Desalination 455: 135–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2018.12.009.
  33. Mitrouli, S. T., A. J. Karabelas, A. Karanasiou, and M. Kostoglou. 2012. “Incipient CaCO3 Scale Formation on Reverse Osmosis Membranes during Brackish Water Desalination in Spacer-Filled Channels.” Procedia Engineering 44: 1891–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2012.08.993.
  34. Morais, Stéphanie C. de, Djalan F. de Lima, Thuany M. Ferreira, Josiel B. Domingos, Miguel Angelo F. de Souza, Bruno B. Castro, and Rosangela de C. Balaban. 2020. “Effect of PH on the Efficiency of Sodium Hexametaphosphate as Calcium Carbonate Scale Inhibitor at High Temperature and High Pressure.” Desalination 491. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2020.114548.
  35. Mpelwa, Musa, and Shan Fa Tang. 2019. “State of the Art of Synthetic Threshold Scale Inhibitors for Mineral Scaling in the Petroleum Industry: A Review.” Petroleum Science 16 (4): 830–49. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12182-019-0299-5.
  36. Mulder, M. 1991. “Basic Principles of Membrane Technology.” https://doi.org/10.1524/zpch.1998.203.part_1_2.263.
  37. Muryanto, S., A.P. Bayuseno, H. Ma’mun, M. Usamah, and Jotho. 2014. “Calcium Carbonate Scale Formation in Pipes: Effect of Flow Rates, Temperature, and Malic Acid as Additives on the Mass and Morphology of the Scale.” Procedia Chemistry 9: 69–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proche.2014.05.009.
  38. Nowack, Bernd. 2003. “Environmental Chemistry of Phosphonates.” Water Research 37 (11): 2533–46. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00079-4.
  39. Ochando-Pulido, J. M., M. D. Victor-Ortega, and A. Martínez-Ferez. 2015. “On the Cleaning Procedure of a Hydrophilic Reverse Osmosis Membrane Fouled by Secondary-Treated Olive Mill Wastewater.” Chemical Engineering Journal 260: 142–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.08.094.
  40. Pérez-González, A., A. M. Urtiaga, R. Ibáñez, and I. Ortiz. 2012. “State of the Art and Review on the Treatment Technologies of Water Reverse Osmosis Concentrates.” Water Research 46 (2): 267–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2011.10.046.
  41. Qureshi, Bilal A., Syed M. Zubair, Anwar K. Sheikh, Aditya Bhujle, and Steven Dubowsky. 2013. “Design and Performance Evaluation of Reverse Osmosis Desalination Systems: An Emphasis on Fouling Modeling.” Applied Thermal Engineering 60 (1–2): 208–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2013.06.058.
  42. Rahman, Faizur. 2013. “Calcium Sulfate Precipitation Studies with Scale Inhibitors for Reverse Osmosis Desalination.” Desalination 319: 79–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2013.03.027.
  43. Rahman, Faizur, and Zahid Amjad. 2010. “Scale Formation and Control in Thermal Desalination Systems.” The Science and Technology of Industrial Water Treatment, 271–396. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420071450-c14.
  44. Ruiz-Agudo, Cristina, Christine V. Putnis, Aurelia Ibañez-Velasco, Encarnación Ruiz-Agudo, and Andrew Putnis. 2016. “A Potentiometric Study of the Performance of a Commercial Copolymer in the Precipitation of Scale Forming Minerals.” CrystEngComm 18 (30): 5744–53. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ce00537c.
  45. Sergeeva, Alena, Anna S. Vikulina, and Dmitry Volodkin. 2019. “Porous Alginate Scaffolds Assembled Using Vaterite CaCO3 Crystals.” Micromachines 10 (6). https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10060357.
  46. Shen Z, Li J, Xu Ke, Ding L, and Ren H. 2012. “The Effect of Synthesized Hydrolyzed Polymaleic Anhydride (HPMA) on the Crystal of Calcium Carbonate.” Desalination 284: 238–44.
  47. Sousa, Maria F.B., Filipe Signorelli, and Celso A. Bertran. 2016. “Fast Evaluation of Inhibitors for Calcium Carbonate Scale Based on PH Continuous Measurements in Jar Test at High Salinity Condition.” Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering 147: 468–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2016.09.007.
  48. Tay, Kwee Guan, and Lianfa Song. 2005. “A More Effective Method for Fouling Characterization in a Full-Scale Reverse Osmosis Process.” Desalination 177 (1–3): 95–107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2004.11.017.
  49. Thompson, John, Anditya Rahardianto, Soomin Kim, Muhammad Bilal, Richard Breckenridge, and Yoram Cohen. 2017. “Real-Time Direct Detection of Silica Scaling on RO Membranes.” Journal of Membrane Science 528: 346–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2017.01.027.
  50. Tong, Tiezheng, Adam F. Wallace, Song Zhao, and Zhi Wang. 2019. “Mineral Scaling in Membrane Desalination: Mechanisms, Mitigation Strategies, and Feasibility of Scaling-Resistant Membranes.” Journal of Membrane Science 579: 52–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2019.02.049.
  51. Topçu, Gökhan, Asli Çelik, Alper Baba, and Mustafa M. Demir. 2017. “Design of Polymeric Antiscalants Based on Functional Vinyl Monomers for (Fe, Mg) Silicates.” Energy and Fuels 31 (8): 8489–96. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b01221.
  52. Wang, Chen, Deyi Zhu, and Xikui Wang. 2010. “Low-Phosphorus Maleic Acid and Sodium p-Styrenesulfonate Copolymer as Calcium Carbonate Scale Inhibitor.” Journal of Applied Polymer Science 115 (4): 2149–55. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.31300.
  53. Wang, Fulin, and Volodymyr V. Tarabara. 2007. “Coupled Effects of Colloidal Deposition and Salt Concentration Polarization on Reverse Osmosis Membrane Performance.” Journal of Membrane Science 293 (1–2): 111–23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2007.02.003.
  54. Yang, Qingfeng, Yangqiao Liu, and Yajuan Li. 2010. “Control of Protein (BSA) Fouling in RO System by Antiscalants.” Journal of Membrane Science 364 (1–2): 372–79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2010.08.050.
  55. Yu, Qiu, Huang Dong Ou, Rui Qi Song, and An Wu Xu. 2006. “The Effect of Polyacrylamide on the Crystallization of Calcium Carbonate: Synthesis of Aragonite Single-Crystal Nanorods and Hollow Vatarite Hexagons.” Journal of Crystal Growth 286 (1): 178–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2005.09.046.
  56. Zeino, Aasem, Muhammed Albakri, Mazen Khaled, and Maan Zarzour. 2018. “Comparative Study of the Synergistic Effect of ATMP and DTPMPA on CaSO4 Scale Inhibition and Evaluation of Induction Time Effect.” Journal of Water Process Engineering 21: 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2017.11.013.
  57. Zhang, Pan, Jingtao Hu, Wei Li, and Houbo Qi. 2013. “Research Progress of Brackish Water Desalination by Reverse Osmosis.” Journal of Water Resource and Protection 05 (03): 304–9. https://doi.org/10.4236/jwarp.2013.53031.
  58. Zhao, Shuaifei, Linda Zou, and Dennis Mulcahy. 2012. “Brackish Water Desalination by a Hybrid Forward Osmosis-Nanofiltration System Using Divalent Draw Solute.” Desalination 284: 175–81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.08.053.

Cite this Article:

International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

Search Articles

Issue May 2021

Volume 10, May 2021


Table of Contents



World-wide Delivery is FREE

Share this Issue with Friends:


Submit your Paper