Studies on the Presumed Cranium of the French Knight Bayard (1473?-1524)

Studies on the Presumed Cranium of the French Knight Bayard (1473?-1524)

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Author(s)

Author(s): Gérard Lucotte, Franz Jullien

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DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.2501 22 13 6-11 Volume 10 - Sep 2021

Abstract

We have studied by classic anatomical methods the presumed cranium of Bayard (1473?-1524), who was a famous French knight. This cranium is of male gender, aged of at least 50 years old, and of European origin. There are five main characteristics of this cranium : brachygnathy ; elevated height of the mandibular corpus ; a non-protruding and squared osseous chin (on the mandible) ; lepteny ; a long nose with a bump. All these five characteristics are effectively observed on the face of the official (that of Gariel) Bayard’s drawing, which indicates that it is well the Bayard cranium. We have modelled, with the FaceGen programme, the characteristic deviation (of about ten degrees towards the left) of the nose point.

Keywords

Bayard (1473?-1524) Cranium, Anatomical Study, Comparisons with the Face of Bayard’s Drawing, Deviation Towards the Left of the Nose Point, FaceG en Programme

References

  1. Jacquart J. (1987). “Bayard”. Fayard Ed. (Paris, France).
  2. Lucotte G. and Bouin Wilkinson A. (2017). Y-chromosomal profile and mitochondrial DNA of the chevalier Bayard. Open Journal of Genetics. 7 : 50-61.
  3. Lucotte G. and Thomasset T. (2017). SEM-EDX analyses of the dental plaque of the knight Bayard (1473?-1524) permits to study his diet habits and dental cares. International Journal of Sciences, 6 : 48-121.
  4. White T. et al. (2016). “Traité d’ostéologie humaine”. De Boeck Supérieur Ed. (Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium).
  5. Baccard A. (2007). “Bayard et ses portraits”. In “Bayard. Histoires croisées du Chevalier” (Presses Universitaires de Grenoble, France), 179-197.

Cite this Article:

International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

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Volume 10, September 2021


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