The Medallion of Dr Rémy Guillard (1799-1869) Contains Well Epidermis of Napoléon the First
Author(s): Lucotte Gérard, Thierry Thomasset, Stephan Borensztajn
Objective: We report results obtained on mtDNA sequence of the epidermal cells contained in the Guillard medallion. Methods: SEM-EDX analyses and DNA sequence of mtDNA obtained from the epidermal cells were realized. Results: The epidermal cells (keratinocytes) are well conserved. The mtDNA HVS1 sequence obtained from them comprises the 16184 T mutation only, which is highly characteristic of Napoléon the First.
Guillard Medallion, SEM-EDX Analysis, Keratinocytes, mtDNA 16184T Mutation, Napoléon the First
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