The Medallion of Dr Rémy Guillard (1799-1869) Contains Well Epidermis of Napoléon the First

The Medallion of Dr Rémy Guillard (1799-1869) Contains Well Epidermis of Napoléon the First

Loading document ...
Loading page ...


Author(s): Lucotte Gérard, Thierry Thomasset, Stephan Borensztajn

Download Full PDF Read Complete Article

DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.2525 42 137 1-6 Volume 10 - Nov 2021


Objective: We report results obtained on mtDNA sequence of the epidermal cells contained in the Guillard medallion. Methods: SEM-EDX analyses and DNA sequence of mtDNA obtained from the epidermal cells were realized. Results: The epidermal cells (keratinocytes) are well conserved. The mtDNA HVS1 sequence obtained from them comprises the 16184 T mutation only, which is highly characteristic of Napoléon the First.


Guillard Medallion, SEM-EDX Analysis, Keratinocytes, mtDNA 16184T Mutation, Napoléon the First


  1. Gourgaud, G (2003). “Le retour des cendres de l’Empereur Napoléon”. Arléa Ed., Paris.
  2. Macé, J.
  3. Lucotte, G (2017). Etude minéralogique et chimique du masque mortuaire Antommarchi de Napoléon 1er. Revue de l’Institut Napoléon, 214(1), 27-76.
  4. Lucotte, G (2010). A rare variant of the mtDNA HVS1 sequence in the hairs of Napoléon’s family. Investigative Genetics, 1 : 1-5.
  5. Lucotte, G. (2016). Skin Debris on the Face of the Turin Shroud : SEM-EDX analysis. Archaeological Discovery , 4 : 103-117.
  6. Lucotte, G., Thomasset, T., Borensztajn S. (2020). Skin debris on the hairs of Holy Maria-Magdalena : a SEM-EDX analysis. International Journal of Sciences, 9 (2) : 57-79.
  7. Haake, A.R., Holbrook, K., (1999) . “The structure and development of skin.”McGraw Hill Ed. New-York.

Cite this Article:

International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

Search Articles

Issue June 2023

Volume 12, June 2023

Table of Contents

World-wide Delivery is FREE

Share this Issue with Friends:

Submit your Paper