Raw Extracts of Wild Plants Improve the Agronomic and Biochemical Quality of Tomato Fruits (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.)

Raw Extracts of Wild Plants Improve the Agronomic and Biochemical Quality of Tomato Fruits (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.)

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Author(s)

Author(s): Georges Yannick Fangue-Yapseu, Romaric Armel Mouafo-Tchinda, Sévérin Donald Kamdem, michael Fomekong Kenne, Pierre Effa Onomo, Pierre-François Djocgoué

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DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.2533 22 74 14-20 Volume 10 - Dec 2021

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the effect of 10 and 15% concentrations of Azadirachta indica oil (v/v) and Tithonia diversifolia and Thevetia peruviana liquid manure (w/v) on some key characteristics of tomato fruits. For this purpose, the extracts were sprayed on the tomato plants every two weeks until the fruits were harvested. The results show that the 15% T. diversifolia mash had the most significant positive impact (p < 0.05) on the size, weight, and ability of tomato fruits to protect DNA from denaturation. Indeed, compared to fruits harvested from untreated plants, this treatment increased the surface area by 75.38%, the weight by 72.74%, and the protective capacity of fruits against hydrogen peroxide-induced DNA denaturation by 82.96%. On the other hand, the highest lycopene content was obtained with A. indica at 10% (139.13 ± 4.35 μg/g MF), and that of phenols was observed with T. peruviana at 10% (31.07 ± 1.06 mg eq catechin/g MF). Also, there is a positive and significant correlation (p < 0.05) between phenol content and DPPH (2.2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and FRAP (ferric reducing antioxidant power) free radical scavenging activities of tomato fruits. Thus, this study shows that wild plant extracts are able to improve fruit quality.

Keywords

Wild plant extract, Tomato, Lycopene, Phenols, Antiradical activity, DNA

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International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

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