SEM-EDX and mtDNA Analyses of the Penis of Napoléon

SEM-EDX and mtDNA Analyses of the Penis of Napoléon

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Author(s)

Author(s): Gérard Lucotte, Stéphan Borensztajn

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DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.2580 63 84 15-21 Volume 11 - May 2022

Abstract

Objective: we report here results obtained concerning analyses of the putative penis of Napoléon. Methods: SEM-EDX and mtDNA analyses on samples of this penis are realized. Results : SEM-EDX studies show that the samples are relatively rich in calcium phosphate, and consequently that the “penis” is more likely a piece of tendon; mt-DNA analyses, realized on two samples, showed the presence of the 16184T mutation only, confirming that the tendon is well that of Napoléon.

Keywords

mtDNA Sequences, 16184T Mutation, Napoléon’s Penis, SEM-EDX Analyses, Tendon

References

  1. Bierman, S.M. (1992). The peripatetic posthumous peregrination of Napoléon’s penis. The Journal of Sex Research, 29 (4) : 579-580.
  2. Lucotte, G. (2010). A rare variant of the mtDNA HVS1 sequence in the hairs of Napoléon’s family. Investigative Genetics, 1 : 1-5.
  3. Bourachot, C. (2002). Mameluck Ali (Louis-Etienne Saint Denis). Souvenirs sur l’Empereur Napoléon. Arléa Editeur, Paris.
  4. Macé, J. (2011). Buonavita et Vignali, destins croisés. Revue du Souvenir Napoléonien, 487 : 18-31.
  5. Souvenirs de Saint-Denis, dit Ali, second Mameluk de l’Empereur ;V – la mort et les funérailles de l’Empereur (1921). Revue des Deux mondes , 65 : 40.

Cite this Article:

International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

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