SEM-EDX and mtDNA Analyses of the Penis of Napoléon

SEM-EDX and mtDNA Analyses of the Penis of Napoléon

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Author(s): Gérard Lucotte, Stéphan Borensztajn

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DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.2580 77 136 15-21 Volume 11 - May 2022


Objective: we report here results obtained concerning analyses of the putative penis of Napoléon. Methods: SEM-EDX and mtDNA analyses on samples of this penis are realized. Results : SEM-EDX studies show that the samples are relatively rich in calcium phosphate, and consequently that the “penis” is more likely a piece of tendon; mt-DNA analyses, realized on two samples, showed the presence of the 16184T mutation only, confirming that the tendon is well that of Napoléon.


mtDNA Sequences, 16184T Mutation, Napoléon’s Penis, SEM-EDX Analyses, Tendon


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International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

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