Reconstruction of the Lineage Y Chromosome Haplotype of NapolÃ©on the First
Author(s): Gerard Lucotte, Jacques MacÃ©, Peter Hrechdakian
As part of the NapolÃ©on I Genome (NIG) project we have reconstructed, based on more than one hundred Y-STRs (Y-short tandem repeats), the complete Y-haplotype of the non-recombinant part of the Y-chromosome (NRY) of French Emperor NapolÃ©on I (1769-1821). We already knew the allelic values at Y-markers of the Y-chromosome of NapolÃ©on I, but only for the palindromic STR YCAIIa and b and for the non-palindromic Y-STR DYS19. The present reconstruction aims to compare the allelic values at Y-STRs of the DNA of Charles NapolÃ©on (C.N.), the living 4th generation descendant of JÃ©rÃ´me Bonaparte (NapolÃ©on Iâ€™s youngest brother), with those of Alexandre Colonna Walewski (A.C.W.), the living 4th generation descendant of Count Alexandre Walewski (the son born of the union between NapolÃ©on I and Countess Maria Walewska). We have previously established that NapolÃ©on I, C.N. and A.C.W. are of the same Y-haplogroup E1b1b1b2a1. The allelic values for C.N. and A.C.W. are the same for ninety-three other non-palindromic markers (belonging to ninety different STRs) and for thirty-eight other palindromic markers (belonging to fifteen different STRs); these values then constitute those deduced in the reconstruction of the allelic values of the STR markers of the NapolÃ©on Iâ€™s Y-haplotype. Four non-palindromic STRs and two palindromic STRs have different allelic values in C.N. and A.C.W.; we have deduced the allelic value of NapolÃ©on I for one (DYS454), and the probable allelic values for two (Y-GATA-C4 and DYS712) of these non-palindromic variable STRs. To sum up, we have established, by reconstruction of the lineage, the allelic values of the markers of NapolÃ©on Iâ€™s Y-haplotype for a total of one-hundred and thirty-three different Y-STR markers.
Y-chromosome haplotype, NapolÃ©on the First, short tandem repeats
Cite this Article:
International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.
Share this Issue with Friends: