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Volume 4 - Jun 2015
Investigations were carried out to ascertain the incidence of urinary parasitic infections caused by T.vaginalis and S.haematobium among patients attending selected hospitals in Gboko Local Government area of Benue State, Nigeria. Four major hospitals namely Division hospital, Myom hospital, General hospital and Mkar hospital all in Gboko were assessed. A total number of 400 urine samples (100 from each hospital) were aseptically collected for microscopic preparations and analyses. Data were analysed and presented using both descriptive and inferential statistics. In Division Hospital Gboko, 22% of the patients were infected with T.vaginalis while 9% were infected with S.haematobium. In Myom Hospital Gboko, 9% were infected with T.vaginalis while 12% were infected with S.haematobium. Mkar Hospital Gboko recorded 4% cases of infection with T.vaginalis while 6% were infected with S.haematobium with a case of co-infection. General Hospital Gboko recorded the highest number of infection cases with 26% T.vaginalis , 41% S.haematobium and 9% co-infection . Based on occupational status from combined data, farmers recorded the highest prevalence of 8.5% (T.vaginalis) and 6.25% (S.haematobium), followed by students and entrepreneurs Combined data from the four hospitals using a population size of 400 patients in Gboko Local Government, the total prevalence rate of infection caused by T.vaginalis was 15.25% and S.haematobium 17%, co-infection was prevalent at 2.5%. Statistically, there was no significant levels of associations between urinary tract infections and occupational status of patients with 95% confidence limit. This work has therefore revealed that farmers have high incidence rates of infections caused by T.vaginalis and S.haematobium due to their educational background and exposure. Hence, the need for an enlightenment program for this category of people attending different hospitals in Gboko Local Government area.
T.vaginalis, S.haematobium, occupation, infection
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