Creating a crime mapping system for a small state offers challenges that may defy database processing reasoning. The barriers to access, digitisation, geocoding and integration with other datasets create difficulties that require the setting up of a series of protocols to ensure data integrity. The Maltese Islandsâ€™ case study delineates the processes taken up to ensure the setting up of baseline datasets in the crime, social and landuse domains. The study reviews data inputting, digitising and converting, error generation and geocoding. Data reliability, aggregation and analysis processes are covered due to their intermediate function between the main focus of the baseline data creation and the eventual research output as disseminated through online technologies. Maltaâ€™s data processing has proven to be a tough slope for researchers, however the creation of the baseline data layers has ensured that new incoming data can be integrated in the systems quicker and be analysed at faster rates.
baseline, dataset, Maltese Islands, crime mapping, geographical information systems, spatial statistics
- Applied Criminology Group, (July 2001). Kirklees Crime and Disorder Audit - Final Report. University of Huddersfield
- Bottoms A.E., and Wiles P.W. (2001). Explanations of Crime and Space, IN Evans D.J.,
- Fyfe N.R., and Herbert D.T., (2001). Crime, Policing and Place: Essays in
- Environmental Criminology. Routledge, London, ISBN 0-415-04990-3
- Cairns S. (1998). Promises and Problems: using GIS to analyse shopping travel. Journal of
- Transport Geography, Vol. 6 No. 4, pp. 273-284
- Craglia M., Haining R., and Wiles P. (April 2000). A Comparative Evaluation of
- Approaches to Urban Crime Pattern Analysis, Urban Studies. Vol. 37, No. 4, 711729, 2000, University of Glasgow
- CrimeMalta, (2012). Crime Maps, Retrieved from http://www.crimemalta.com/map.htm
- Deale, S.V., and Beken, T.V. (2011). Outbound offending: The journey to crime and crime sprees. Journal of Environmental Psychology 31 (2011) 70-78
- Ekblom, P. (2008). The 5Is framework: a practical tool for transfer and sharing of crime prevention and community safety knowledge. University of Arts London Central
- Saint Martins. Design Against Crime Research Centre
- Entorf H., and Spengler H., (2000). Socio-economic and demographic factors of crime in Germany: Evidence from Panel Data of the German States. International Review of Law and Economics 20 (2000). 75-106
- European Commission, (2003). Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 May 2003 on the establishment of a common classification
- of territorial units for statistics (NUTS). (OJ L 154, 21.6.2003, p. 1)
- Felson, M. (2006). Crime and Nature. Sage, Thousand Oaks. In Weisburd, D, Morris, N.A., and Groff, E.R. Nancy (2009) Hot spots of Juvenile Crime: A longitudinal Study of Arrest Incidents at Street Segments in Seattle, Washingtonâ€. 443 Springer Science and Business Media, LLC 2009. doi: 10.1007/s10940-009-9075-9.
- Formosa S. (2007). Spatial analysis of temporal criminality evolution: an environmental criminology study of crime in the Maltese Islands, PhD Thesis, University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom.
- Fotheringham, A.S., Brunsdon, C., and Charlton M. (2002). Geographically Weighted
- Regression: The Analysis of Spatially Varying Relationships, John Wiley & Son
- Government of Malta, (2001). Chapter 440 Data Protection Act, ACT XXVI of 2001, Valletta, Malta
- Harries K.D., (1974). The Geography of Crime and Justice. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York
- Hirschfield, A. (2011). Analysis for Intervention. Chapter 22. In Tilley, N. (Ed.). Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety (pp. 629-673). New York: Routledge.
- Justice Services, (2012). Judgements Online, Malta Government, Retrieved on 28 October
- 2012, http://www.justiceservices.gov.mt/courtservices/Judgements/default.aspx
- Malta Environment & Planning Authority, (2000). MEPA mapserver, Available online: http://www.mepa.org.mt/mepa-mapserver (accessed on 10 March 2012)
- Malta Environment & Planning Authority, (2012). MEPA mapserver update, Available online: http://www.mepa.org.mt/mepa-mapserver (accessed on 29 October 2012) Official Journal of the European Union, (24 October 1995): Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, L 281 , 23/11/1995
- International Journal of Sciences (ISSN 2305-3925) Nov-2012
- Parnaby, P.F. (2006). Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design: Discourses of Risk, Social Control and a Neo-liberal Context. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 48, 1-29.
- Paynich, R., and Hill, B. (2010). Fundamentals of Crime Mapping. Massachusettes: Jones and Bartlett Publishers
- Pease K. (2001). What to Do About It? Lets turn off our minds and GIS. In Hirschfield A., and Bowers K. (eds). (2001). Mapping and Analysing Crime Data: Lessons from Research and Practice. Taylor and Francis, London, ISBN: 0-748-40922-X
- Shaw, C.R., and McKay, H.D. (1969). Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas. Chicago, IL:
- University of Chicago Press.Wang Y.R. (1999). Political Change and Public
- Security â€“ The Prospect of Taiwan. Futures 31, 57-72
- Wasserman, L. (2005). All of Statistics: A Concise Course in Statistical Inference, Springer Texts in Statistics
- Wolpin K.I. (1978). An Economic Analysis of Crime and Punishment in England and Wales 1894-1967. J. Political Econ 86, 815-840 (cf IN Entorf H., and Spengler H. (2000). Socio- economic and demographic factors of crime in Germany: Evidence from Panel Data of the German States, International Review of Law and Economics 20 (2000). 75-106)
Cite this Article:
International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.