Exploring the Nature of Urban Structure of Urban Areas in Bangladesh

Exploring the Nature of Urban Structure of Urban Areas in Bangladesh

Loading document ...
Loading page ...


Author(s): MD. Mokhlesur Rahman, MD. Moniruzzaman, S. M. Forhad Tasfi

Download Full PDF Read Complete Article

771 1226 92-107 Volume 2 - Jan 2013


The study of spatial structure of a city always fascinates urban planners. City’s spatial structure can assist urban planners to predict future development trend and help them to develop appropriate strategies to guide the current spatial structures. But, there is no such type of previous studies of the city structure in Bangladesh. In this study, the researchers made an attempt to find out spatial structure of cities in Bangladesh. Using spatial distribution of population and land use the researchers tried to explain the present scenario in Bangladesh. The researchers have found that for most of the cases there is a density gradient, which represents relationship between population density and distance from city centre to periphery, with high R square value follows a negatively sloped exponential curve from city centre to periphery of an urban area except in Barisal City Corporation (BCC). The density is high at the centre and it gradually decreases towards periphery. The Central Business District (CBD) of BCC is relatively larger than other municipalities/ paurashavas where commercial land use is dominant type of land uses. People are living outside the CBD due to high concentration of commercial and institutional land uses in the centre is the main reason of positively sloped exponential curve for BCC. The first important finding from land use analysis is that in most of the Paurashavas, there is a CBD which have been developed alongside a river network and newly developed commercial land uses have taken place along the major highway in that area. The study also showed that after three kilometers from the city center, agriculture is dominant type of land uses although there is a high rate of urbanization in Bangladesh. The researchers as urban planners conclude that, there is natural tendency of compactness in Bangladesh which should be encouraged.


Urban Structure, CBD, Gradient, Centroid, Density


  1. Bertaud, Alain (2001), Metropolis: A Measure of the Spatial Organization of 7 Large
  2. Cities
  3. Bertaud, Alain (2003), Tehran spatial structure: Constraints and Opportunities for
  4. Future Development, National Land and Housing Organization, Ministry of Housing
  5. and Urban Development, Islamic Republic of Iran
  6. Bertaud, Alain (2004), The Spatial Organization of cities: deliberate outcome or
  7. unforeseen consequence
  8. Bertaud, Alain and Malpezzi, Stephen (2003), The Spatial Distribution of Population in
  9. 48 World Cities: Implications for Economies in Transition, The Center for Urban
  10. Land Economics Research, The University of Wisconsin, USA
  11. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS, 2004), Paurashava Manual: The People’s
  12. Republic of Bangladesh, GOB: Dhaka
  13. Dutt, Ashok K.; Charles B. Monroc, and Ramesh Vakamudi (1986), Rural-Urban
  14. Correlates for Indian Urbanization, Geographic Review, Vol. 76:2, pp. 173-173
  15. Ford, Larry and Ernest Grifin (1980), A Model of Latin American City Structure.
  16. Geographical Review, Vol. 70:4, pp. 397-442
  17. McGee, T.G (1967), The Southeast Asian City, A Social Geography of the Primate Cities
  18. of Southeast Asia, Praeger, New York

Cite this Article:

International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

Search Articles

Issue June 2023

Volume 12, June 2023

Table of Contents

World-wide Delivery is FREE

Share this Issue with Friends:

Submit your Paper