Ecological disturbances exert an influence on the emergence and proliferation of parasitic diseases, including, Black pod disease. Each environmental change, whether occurring as a natural phenomenon or through human intervention, changes the ecological balance and context within which disease hosts or vectors and parasites breed, develop, and transmit disease. This paper deals with these important diseases in the Ghanaian cocoa industry.The objective is to find out whether rainfall and temperature have any effect on these diseases so that plans can be made to control them. The paper has identified the models of these important cocoa diseases in Western region. The results from this work show that the dependence of phytophthora on both temperature and rainfall was not significant and rainfall may not have much influence on black pod, if any. It also came out that, if the infected trees are cutoff and burnt, the other trees may not be infected.
Parasitic diseases, Time Series Analysis, Akaike Information Criteria
- Akrofi, A.Y., Opoku, I.Y., Appiah, A.A., 1997. On-farm farmer managed trials to control black pod disease caused by Phytophthora megakarya in Ghana. In: Owusu, G.K., Padi, B., Ollennu, L.A.A., Owusu Manu, E. (Eds.), Proceedings of the First International Cocoa Pests and Disease Seminar, Accra, Ghana, 6â€“10 November 1995, pp. 109â€“118
- Anonymous, 2001. The State of the Ghanaian Economy in 2000. Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER), University of Ghana, Legon, 162 pp
- Anonymous, 2003. The State of the Ghanaian Economy in 2002. Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER), University of Ghana, Legon, 164 pp
- Asare-Nyako, A., 1974. Towards an economic chemical control of the black pod disease of cocoa in Ghana. Ghana J. Agric. Sci. 7, 17â€“23
- Dakwa, J.T., 1973. Black pod disease and the weather. Annual Report, Cocoa Research Institute, Ghana, 1971â€“72, pp. 74â€“78
International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.