Bond Lengths, Bond Angles and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials Related via the Golden Ratio for H2+, O2, O3, H2O, SO2, NO2 and CO2

Bond Lengths, Bond Angles and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials Related via the Golden Ratio for H2+, O2, O3, H2O, SO2, NO2 and CO2

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Author(s)

Author(s): Raji Heyrovska

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1267 1971 1-4 Volume 2 - Apr 2013

Abstract

In a recent paper, it was shown that the atomic radii of main Group elements are directly proportional to their ground state Bohr radii obtained from the first ionization potentials, with the proportionality constant involving the Golden ratio. It was demonstrated in earlier articles that atomic and Golden ratio based ionic radii are additive in chemical bond lengths. Here the bond lengths and angles are interpreted in terms of the respective Bohr radii and the Golden ratio. Simple molecules present on our Earth and in the environment, which are of importance to our lives have been chosen here as examples.

Keywords

Bond lengths, Bond angles, Bohr radii, Golden ratio, Water molecule, Ozone, Atmospheric molecules

References

  1. Heyrovska, R. Atomic and Ionic Radii of Elements and Bohr Radii from Ionization Potentials are Linked Through the Golden Ratio. International J. Sciences., 2, 82-92, (2013). http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/pdf/V2-201303-19.pdf
  2. Heyrovska, R. The Golden ratio, ionic and atomic radii and bond lengths. Molecular Physics, 103, 877 - 882 (2005); and the literature therein
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International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

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