The Symmetries of the Icons on Ancient Seals

The Symmetries of the Icons on Ancient Seals

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Author(s): Amelia Carolina Sparavigna

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DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.231 700 1418 14-20 Volume 2 - Aug 2013


In this paper, we discuss the symmetries of the icons engraved on some ancient seals, in particular on the stamp seals. Used since the Neolithic times to impress some decorations, these early seals had probably the social function of allowing the identification of their owners too. The first seals were engraved with simple geometric images, then animals and humans appeared, arranged on their small circular or elliptic surfaces with bilateral and rotational symmetries.


Symmetry, Seals, Scarab Seals


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International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

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