The Ten Spheres of Al-Farabi: A Medieval Cosmology

The Ten Spheres of Al-Farabi: A Medieval Cosmology

Author(s)

Amelia Carolina Sparavigna

Download Full PDF DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.517 Downloads: 387 Views: 875 Pages: 34-39

Volume 3 - June 2014 (06)

Abstract

Abu Nasr Al-Farabi, who lived in the ninth century, left a valuable heritage for Islamic thinkers after him. In the framework of his metaphysics, he developed a theory of emanation describing the origin of the material universe. Ten intellects or intelligences are coming in succession from the First Being, and, from each of them, a sphere of the universe is produced. The first intellect created the outermost sphere and a second intellect. From this second intelligence, the sphere of the fixed stars and a third intellect had been generated. The process continues, through the spheres of the planets, downwards to the sphere of the Moon. From the Moon, a pure intelligence, defined as the “active intelligence”, provides a bridge between heavens and earth. In the paper, we discuss this cosmology, comparing it to the cosmology of Robert Grosseteste, an Oxonian thinker of the thirteen century.

Keywords

Al-Farabi, Robert Grosseteste, Medieval Cosmology, Medieval Science

References

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Cite this Article:

International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

Issue August 2017

Volume 6, August 2017


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