Identification and Distribution of Some Viral Diseases of Solanaceous in Côte D’ivoire

Identification and Distribution of Some Viral Diseases of Solanaceous in Côte D’ivoire

Loading document ...
Loading page ...


Author(s): Sorho Fatogoma, Dembele Dio, Cherif Mamadou, Bolou Bi Antoine, Kassi Fernand, Nguessan Aya Carine, Kone Daouda

Download Full PDF Read Complete Article

450 1103 55-62 Volume 3 - Sep 2014


Tomato, pepper and eggplant belong to the forty vegetable species most produced in the world (FAO, 2008). These solanaceous plants, which are sources of vitamins, serve as a source of nutritional supplements especially among low income populations, that subsist on diets of cereals and starchy foods. They are a source of income and employment for small rural and peri-urban farmers. As a result of their tolerance to various climates, they are cultivated in all agro-ecological zones of tropical and subtropical areas, throughout the year. However, their production is inhibited by many constraints, some of which are biotic involving fungi, bacteria and viruses. In May 2013, sampling of leaves of the three solanaceous plants was carried out in various zones of production in Côte d'ivoire (Songon, Divo, Sinfra and Djèbonoua). On the basis of viral symptoms observed on the leaves, 117 samples were collected. Serological tests, DAS-ELISA, TAS-ELISA and ACP-ELISA, were used to detect viruses using specific antibodies. The presence of Cucumber mosaïc virus (CMV) and Pepper veinal mottle virus (PVMV) was confirmed in Côte d'Ivoire. On the other hand, no sample was found positive with Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus (TYLCV), using the TAS-ELISA method. With the ACP-ELISA method, a new virus which could be Potato virus Y (PVY-n) was highlighted for the first time in Côte d'Ivoire. On the whole, the production of solanaceous plants in Côte d'Ivoire is threatened by viral diseases. Adequate support should be given to farmers to guarantee a healthy and durable production of solanaceous food crops.


Solanaceous, Tomato, Pepper, Eggplant, Virus, CMV, PVMV, TYLCV, PVY-n


  1. Adama E., 2004. Le secteur maraîcher : état des lieux, objectifs et perspectives. Ministère de l’agriculture, direction des statistiques, de la documentation et de l’information, Côte d’Ivoire. 18-65.
  2. Afouda L. A. C., Kotchofa R., Razack S., Zinsou V. & Winter S., 2013. Occurrence and distribution of viruses infecting tomato and pepper in Alibori in northern Benin. Phytoparasitica 41: 271-276.
  3. Agneroh T. A., Kouakou T. K., Soro K. & Pohé J. 2012. Identification et distribution des virus du Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl et Citrullus sp. en Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences. 13: 1758-1770.
  4. Aka A R, Kouassi NK, Agneroh TA, Amancho NA & Sangaré A., 2009. Distribution et incidence de la mosaïque du concombre (CMV) dans des bananeraies industrielles au Sud-est de la Côte d’Ivoire. Sciences et Nature 6 (2): 171-183.
  5. Bos L, 1977. Persistence of infectivity of three viruses in plant material dried over CaCl2 and plant virus diseases in time and space. In: Plant Virus Epidemeology. In: The Spread stored under different conditions. Neth. J. Pl. Path. 83: 217-220.
  6. Brunt A.A. & Kenten R.H., 1971. Pepper veinal mottle virus, a new member of the potato virus Y group from peppers (Capsicum annum L. and C. frutescens L.) in Ghana. Annals of Applied Biology 69: 235–243.
  7. Clark, M. F. & A. N. Adams. 1977. Characteristics of the microplate method of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of plant viruses. Journal of General Virology 34: 475-483.
  8. Coulibaly N. & Bly J.P., 2002. Aperçu de l’agriculture ivoirienne à tr avers les données de la base de sondage du recensement national de l’agriculture 2001 issue du RGPH 98. Projet GCP/IVC/025/EC-FAO-UE. Ministère de l’Agriculture et des Ressources Animales, Côte d’ Ivoire. 17 p.
  9. Daunay MC, Lester RN., 1989. Th usefulness of taxonomy for Solanaceae breeders, with special reference to Solanum melongena L. (Eggplant). Capsicum Newsletter 7:70-79.
  10. De Wijs, J.J., 1973. Pepper veinal mottle virus in Ivory Coast. Netherland Journal of Plant Pathology 79: 189–193.
  11. Fauquet C. M., Sawyer S., Idris A. M., & Brown J.K., 2005. Sequence analysis and classification of apparent recombinant begomoviruses infecting tomato in the Nil and Mediterranean Bassins. Phytopathology, 95: 549-555.
  12. Fauquet, C. and Thouvenel J.C., 1987. Plant viral diseases in Ivory Coast. ORSTOM, Paris, France. Institut Français de Recherche pour le Développement en Coopération. Collection Initiations-Documentations Techniques no. 46.
  13. Hobbs H. A., Eastburn D. M., D’Arcy C. J., Khindart J. D., Masiunas J. B. & Voegtlin D. J. et al., 2000. Weeds as possible sources of Cucumber mosaic virus in southern Illinois for aphid transmission to pepper. Plant Disease, 84 : 1221-1224.
  14. Ildefonse N., 1995. Agriculture vivrière ouest-africain à travers le cas de la Côte d’Ivoire, cultures légumières. Institut des Savanes. Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. 383 p.
  15. Koné D, Aké A, Abo K, Soro S, N’guessan CA, Wipl-Scheibel C, Chandeysson C, Desbiez C & Lecoq H: 2010 Abstract. First report of Zucchini yellow mosaic virus in Cucurbits in Ivory Coast. Plant Dis. 94 (11)
  16. Lana A. F., Gilmer R. M., Wilson G. F., & Shoyinka S. A., 1975. An unusual new virus, possibly of the potyvirus group, from pepper in Nigeria. Phytopathology, 65: 1329-1332
  17. Lebeau A., 2012. Resistance de la tomate, l’aubergine et le piment à Ralstonia solanacearum interactions entre les géniteurs de résistance et la diversité bactérienne, caractérisation et cartographie des facteurs génétiques impliqués chez l'aubergine. Thèse de doctorat, Université de la Réunion. 151p
  18. Nono-Womdim R., 2001. An overview of major virus diseases of vegetable crops in Africa and some aspects of their control. Plant Virology in Sub-Saharan Africa Conference, IITA, Croydon (GBR), pp: 213-232
  19. Olmstead RG, Bohs L, Migid HA, Santiago-Valentin E, Garcia VF & Collier SM., 2008. A molecular phylogeny of the Solanaceae. Taxon, 57:1159-1181
  20. Sikora E. J., Gudauskas R. T., Murphy J. F., Porch D. W., Adrianifahanana M., Zehnder G. W., Bauske E.M., Kemble J.M. & Lester D.F., 1998. A multivirus epidemic of tomatoes in Alabama. Plant Disease, 82: 117-120
  21. Smith, K.M., 1931. Composite nature of certain potato viruses of the mosaic group. Nature. 127: 702
  22. Traore K, Sorho F, Dramane DD, Sylla M (2014) Adventices hôtes alternatifs de virus en culture de solanaceae en Côte D’Ivoire Agronomie Africaine 25 (3), 231-237
  23. Walter B., Thouvenel J. C., Fauquet C., 1980. Les viroses de la Tomate en Côte d’Ivoire. Ann. Phytopathol., 12 (3), 259-275
  24. Weese TL, Bohs L., 2007. A three gene phylogeny of the genus Solanum (Solanaceae). Systematic Botany, 32: 445-463

Cite this Article:

International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

Search Articles

Issue June 2023

Volume 12, June 2023

Table of Contents

World-wide Delivery is FREE

Share this Issue with Friends:

Submit your Paper