Yersinia Pestis And The Westward Advance Of The Great Pestilence

Yersinia Pestis And The Westward Advance Of The Great Pestilence

Loading document ...
Loading page ...


Author(s): Mark A. Brown, Megan E. Hamrick

Download Full PDF Read Complete Article

417 965 18-19 Volume 4 - Jan 2015


The recent outbreak of Ebola reminds us of the ever-increasing threat of a global pandemic. In an age where thousands travel around the world each day, it is not difficult to imagine how a highly transmissible pathogen could rapidly reach the scale and severity of the historic Black Plague or Spanish Influenza. However, it is interesting to consider how such plagues reached pandemic proportion prior to the advent of air travel or even steam ships. Herein, the author invites the scientific community to reflect upon one of the pathways by which Black Plague was introduced from Asia into Europe. This is a story where harsh science bleeds into the humanities in one of the earliest and most devastating episodes of biological warfare.


  1. Haensch S, Bianucci R, Signoli M, Rajerison M, Schultz M, et al. (2010) Distinct Clones of Yersinia pestis Caused the Black Death. PLoS Pathog 6(10)
  2. Raoult D, Mouffok N, Bitam I, Piarroux R, and Drancourt M. (2012) Plague: History and Contemporary Analysis. J Infection 66: 18-26
  3. Norris J. (1977) East or West? The Geographic Origin of the Black Death. 51: 1-24
  4. Dols MW. (1977) The Black Death in the Middle East. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
  5. Kelly, J. (2005) The Great Mortality. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers
  6. Horrox R, editor. (1994) The Black Death. Manchester: Machester University Press

Cite this Article:

International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

Search Articles

Issue June 2023

Volume 12, June 2023

Table of Contents

World-wide Delivery is FREE

Share this Issue with Friends:

Submit your Paper