Assessment of Nutrient Availability on Sediment Matang Mangrove Forest, Perak

Assessment of Nutrient Availability on Sediment Matang Mangrove Forest, Perak

Loading document ...
Loading page ...


Author(s): Seca Gandaseca, Ahmad Hanafi Hamzah, Ahmad Mustapha Muhamad Pazi, Usama Mohd Alifa

Download Full PDF Read Complete Article

DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.1491 168 472 37-41 Volume 6 - Dec 2017


Sediment has a potential in nutrient availability and plays an important for fertility rate at mangroves ecosystem. In mangrove ecosystem sediments were found abundantly in the river bank. Therefore, to prove this statement, macro and micro nutrients were taken on sediment of mangrove forest at Matang mangroves, Perak. The objectives of this study are to provide fundamental information on sediment nutrient availability at the Sungai Sepetang and to compare 3 different zones and 5 different depths. One transect line was established along the river and divided into three zones (Upstream, Middle stream, Downstream). About 75 of sediment samples were collected using peat auger in 5 different depths (0-15 cm, 15-30 cm, and 30-50 cm,). A standard method was used in sediment preparation and laboratory analysis. The obtained data were analyzed using Statistical Analysis System (SAS) Version 9.2 to find mean comparisons between the zones and depths. As a result of fundamental information on sediment physiochemical properties for pH level from (3.17-5.03) which are acidic and the electrical conductivity range from (14.34-23.87[mS/cm]). Whereas, for nutrient availability were showing significant difference with the highest amount of Magnesium 3.93a(±0.092) in middle stream. For available nutrient such as Nitrogen, Potassium, Phosphorus, and manganese were similar. Lastly, depth 1 (0-15 cm) was showing significant difference and recorded the higher amount of nutrient content of Magnesium 3.703a(±0.156) and Potassium 1.541b(±0.079). As a conclusion, sediment is one of the potential for nutrient availability, but more researches are needed to be done to prove that the nutrient availability percentages are encouraged by mangrove zones and depths.


Sediment, Factors, Nutrient Availability, Mangrove Forest and Perak


  1. APHA (2005). Standard Method for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 21 ed. Washington American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation.
  2. Ellison, J. C. (1999). Impacts of sediment burial on mangroves. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 37(8-12), 420-426.
  3. Chou, L. M., Ong, X., Todd, P. A. (2010). Impacts of pollution on marine life in Southeast Asia. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19(4), 1063-1082.
  4. Goessens, A., Satyanarayana, B., Stocken, T.V., Quispe, M. Z., Lokman, H.M., Sulong, I. and Farid D.G (2014). Is Matang Mangrove Forest in Malaysia Sustabinably Rejuvenating after More than a Century of Conservation and Harvesting Management? Plos One, Vol. 9 (8), 2014.
  5. Greaney, K. M. (2005). An Assessment of Heavy Metal. Marine Resource Development and Protection, 1-3.
  6. Kirby MJ (1985) A basis for soil profile modelling in a geomorphic context. J. Soil Sci. 36: 97–121.
  7. Linn, D. M., & Doran, J. W. (1984). Aerobic and anaerobic microbial populations in no-till and plowed soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 48(4), 794-799.
  8. Morris J.T. 1991. Effects of nitrogen loading on wetland ecosystems with particular reference to atmospheric deposition. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 22: 257–279.
  9. Stream Solute Workshop. 1990. Concepts and methods for assessing solute dynamics in stream ecosystems. J. North American Benth. Soc. 9(2): 95-119.
  10. Thomsen, U., Thamdrup, B., Stahl, D.A. & Canfield, D.E. (2004): Pathways of organic carbon oxidation in a deep lacustrine sediment, Lake Michigan. Limnol. Oceanogr. 49: 2046-2057.
  11. U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (1995) Policy for risk characterization. Memorandum of Carol M. Browner, Administrator, March 21, 1995, Washington, DC. Available from:
  12. U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (2005) Supplemental guidance for assessing cancer susceptibility from early-life exposure to carcinogens. Risk Assessment Forum, Washington, DC. Available from:
  13. Vitousek P.M., Aber J.D., Howarth R.W., Likens G.E., Matson P.A., Schindler D.W., Schlesinger W.H. and Tilman D.G. 1997. Human alteration of the global nitrogen cycle: sources and consequences. Ecol. Appl. 7 (3): 737–750.
  14. Whigham D.F., McCormick J., Good R.E. and Simpson R.L. 1978. Biomass and primary production in freshwater tidal wetlands of the Middle Atlantic Coast. In: Good R.E., Whigham D.F. and Simpson R.L. (ed) Freshwater Wetlands: Ecological Processes and Management Potential. Academic Press, New York, NY, pp. 3–20.

Cite this Article:

International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

Search Articles

Issue June 2023

Volume 12, June 2023

Table of Contents

World-wide Delivery is FREE

Share this Issue with Friends:

Submit your Paper