Qualitative and Quantitative Phytochemical Analysis of the Leaf, Stem Bark and Root of Bombax Ceiba (red Silk Cotton Tree) in North Central Nigeria

Qualitative and Quantitative Phytochemical Analysis of the Leaf, Stem Bark and Root of Bombax Ceiba (red Silk Cotton Tree) in North Central Nigeria

Author(s)

C. U. Aguoru, K. Akombor, J.O. Olasan

Download Full PDF DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.713 Downloads: 418 Views: 756 Pages: 37-41

Volume 4 - May 2015 (05)

Abstract

Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical studies were carried out on the leaf, stem and root of Bombax ceiba. Aqueous and ethanolic extractions methods were adopted following standard procedures. Bioactive compounds were tested using standard methods of screening while quantification was done using gravimetric and spectroscopic approach. Result indicated the presence of saponnin, tannins, flavonoids and alkaloids in the leaf. The leaf organ lacked reducing sugar, anthraquinone, steroids and glycosides in the ethanolic extract. The major active principles present in the leaf were absent in the stem except flavonoid and phlobatannins. The roots however contained only reducing sugar and saponins among the constituents screened. The leaf was made up of 5.04% saponnins, 0.18% steroids and 3.1% flavonoids. The saponnin content of the root was 1.37% and 1.04% respectively. The stem bark had 1.52% alkaloids. Based on this finding, the leaf is the most important organ of medicinal importance in terms of quality and quantity of bioactive compounds present. The diverse array of phytochemicals present in the plant thus suggests its therapeutic potentials which may be explored in drug manufacturing industry as well as in traditional medicine.

Keywords

Bombax Ceiba, Phytochemical, Leaf, Stem, Root, Quality, Quantity

References

  1. Aguoru, C.U., Ameh, S. J. and Olasan, O. (2014). Comparative Phyochemical Studies on the presence and quantification of various bioactive compounds in the three major organs of Okoho plant (Cissus Popunea Guill & Perr) in Benue State, North Central Nigeria, West Africa. European Journal of Advanced Research in Biological and Life Sciences, 2 (2): 16-22
  2. Faizi, S. and Ali, M. (1999). Shamimin: A new Flavonol C – glycoside from leaves of Bombax ceiba. Planta Med, 65: 383–385. http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-960796
  3. Farnsworth, N.R. (1966). Biological and phytochemical screening of plants. Journal of Pharmaceutical Science, 55:225–276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jps.2600550302
  4. Jain, S.K., Verma, S.S., Katewa, S., Anandjiwala, B. (2011). Singh Free Radical Scavenging Property of Bombax ceiba Linn. Root. Research Journal of Medicinal Plant , 5(4): 462-470. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/rjmp.2011.462.470
  5. Lichterman, B. L (2004). "Aspirin: The Story of a Wonder Drug". British Medical Journal 329 (7479): 1408. doi:10.1136/bmj.329.7479.1408 http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.329.7479.1408
  6. Ravi, V., Patel, S.S., Verma, N.K., Dutta, D., Saleem, T.S.M. (2010). Hepatoprotective activity of Bombax ceiba Linn against isoniazid and rifampicininduced toxicity in experimentalrats. Int J Appl Res Nat Prod., 3(3): 19-26.
  7. Rubeena, S., Ahmad, S.I., Ahmed, M., Faizi, Z., Zikr-ur-Rahman, S. and Ali, M. (2003). Hypotensive Activity and Toxicology of Constituents from Bombax ceiba Stem Bark. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 26(1): 41-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/bpb.26.41
  8. Saleem, R., Ahmad, M., Hussain, S.A., Qazi, A.M. and Ahmad, S.I. (1999). Hypotensive, hypoglycemic and toxicology studies on the flavonol C-glycoside shamimin from Bombax ceiba. Planta Med., 65(4):331-34 http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-1999-14060
  9. Sneader, W. (2000). "The discovery of aspirin: A reappraisal". BMJ (Clinical research ed.) 321 (7276): 1591–1594. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.321.7276.1591
  10. Tapsell, L.C., Hemphill, I. and Cobiac, L. (2006). "Health benefits of herbs and spices: the past, the present, the future". Med. J. Aust. 185 (4): 14–24.
  11. Vijendra, V., Jalalpure, S.S., Amit Sahu, L. K., Bhadwal, Y. (2010). Bombax ceiba Linn: pharmacognostical, phytochemistry, ethnobotany, and pharmacological studies. Research in Natural Products, 3 (3):19-26.

Cite this Article:

International Journal of Sciences is Open Access Journal.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.
Author(s) retain the copyrights of this article, though, publication rights are with Alkhaer Publications.

Issue November 2017

Volume 6, November 2017


Table of Contents


Order Print Copy

World-wide Delivery is FREE

Share this Issue with Friends:


Submit your Paper